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Lecture 4

film studies week 4.docx

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Film Studies
Sandra Annett

The Film Review 1. The title and director of the film, correctly spelled 2. A short summary of the selected film 3. The genre of the selected film 4. How that film meets or deviates from its genres conventions, including at least three of the four following elements. Motifs and parallels;, character types, narrative structure/turning points, visual style cinematography. 5. A specific example such as a given scene image or characters line Key Point for the week: 1. Sound. How are the music and lyrics used within the story and in the film as a whole (background music) 2. What is the role of dialogue? Is it natural or polished? 3. Do sound effects play any role in the film Cinematography Definition 1. Cinematography: The craft of photographing moving images with a camera 2. This includes: Recording the image onto film stock or digital hard-drive 3. Positioning and moving the camera focusing the image using different lenses and file. The Camera 1. Director of Photography (DP) or cinematographer: makes artistic and technical decisions about the cinematography. 2. Everyone has their own style in cinematography 3. Cameraman or camera operator and crew: start and stop shooting, move the camera on a dolly or track, select ad focus lenses. 4. Lenses are very important, its like the eye of the camera The Lenses: It has an aperture to let in light, and a focal length t capture images at different distances and depths. Normal lens: Focus: 1. Selective focus: Making the decision “I want this part of the image clear” because I want this to be the viewer’s focus. 2. Rack focus: when focus changes to shift audience attention. 3. Depth of field: The range of acceptable sharpness before and behind the lane of focus (149) 4. Deep focus: everything shot is in focus, from the foreground to background. (deep focus) Citizen Krane used this. Everything is in focus as the parents move away from the background. Stayed focused on the boy in the far background as he was the main character. The shot and the take 1. The Shot: A single uninterrupted series of frames (how long is the scene) 2. Takes: Different versions of the same shot 3. Long take: a shot lasting more than 1 minute. (Example Touch of Evil, just one long take) Defiantly gives you a sense of real time. Creates tension or anticipation. 4. Establishing shot: First shot showing you the setting Camera Positioning 5. The important variables for any shot are camera heights, angle on the actions, and distance from the action (138) 6. Eye level shot: eye level of adult human characters. Places us on an equal footing with protagonists,
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