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Feb 4th Lecture GG270.docx

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Margaret Walton- Roberts

GG270 - Lecture - February 4 , 2012 Nature - Culture - ecology works with cultural geography, interacting post war - cultural materialism connects to urban landscapes/ industrial geography Humans + Nature - Greek + Christian thought - theology beliefs that nature was created for humans by God - with this comes power, supremacy anthresponsthilities for humans within nature - Scientific Revolution + Enlightenment (17 and 18 C) - began to challenge theology because it can’t be empirically proven (it is faith based), this challenged the power of the church - empirical/ knowledge based -Romanticism + Sublime Nature (1750s- 1850s) - nature - becomes almighty wonder + something that brought fear - sublime - idea of pain and fear (the power of nature) but also brings pleasure when observing (awe) - continuation of wonderment of nature but challenge human domination over nature - Darwinism (1859) - Origin of Species - scientific naturalism - challenges theology, promoting evolution (naturalism) over Church - “we are not over nature, we are of nature” - Church was fundamental belief of the world at the time, this was a huge challenge - 2000 Humans Produce Nature (Anthropocence) - informed - new geological epoc - **era where human impact has fundamental impact of the world, changing the sphere (ex. Geological layer of Earth forming on the ocean floor made of plastic) also climate change - anthropogenic - recognition that as humans we are part of nature but we don’t understand the repercussions of our actions - watch: How the Earth Made History - The Age of the Anthropocy Art Christian - disconnect from the environment - the natural world perfectly suited human - adds to the theology that God made the world for humans - Adam + Eve - Arc - God resets the world through the great flood, identified good person (Noah) to take care of it - dominant species is human Native Art - assumed as premodern (?) - don’t connect ourselves as within the animal kingdom - Native beliefs oppose this (dualistic) - connect humans with the land/ nature rather than above it *- creation stories about how the world is created through animal gods - deep connection of people IN the environment - Canadian native Raven - representation of animal spirits (tricksters) - how their behaviours trick authority figure - out wit (ex. Aesop’s Fables) - facilitate good - embody both men + women Animal Kingdom - dolphins/ whales also have a different/ regional language - humans assume their characteristics are above animal actions - humans farm, build cities, etc (use of tools/ technology) - apes also use technology - arguments are all discredited by animals doing similar actions - Earth: we don’t know how to react/ remedy our actions, our technology has gotten away from us, humans can’t control their own actions or the Earth Video: 1950s globalization/ the great expansion - many have a lot, still many have nothing - repercussions of climate change + human actions (mining, etc) - Anthropocy - destabilizes the planet, changing processes of the Earth - our responsibility to make changes - recognize we are part of nature - need for reconnection with premodern ideology - human apex - need for political change - level of engagement with environment to match the level of technology to make changes Humans + The World - Western ideology puts humans as different than animals - humans create hierarchies: race, gender, class, nationality - how am I better than someone else? - evident in colonialism - argued as different species - ideologies have material consequences - Scientific Revolution - geology caused scientists to question human places in the world developing new ideas about the natural world Human - Nature Relations - Environmental Determinism - our lives (how we live/ what we do) are determined by our environment ( Gerald Steel) - we can’t reconnect to this ideology - Environment Possibilism - various possible outcomes because of different human environments - Landscape School - understanding how humand interpret nature - Environm
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