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GG270- Jan 14.docx

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Margaret Walton- Roberts

GG270 – January 14 , 2013 – Week 2 Lecture - Create ePortfolio tonight (collections/ tags, upload notes) – Make reflections** Cultural Geographies Old + New - Cultural geography is a form of produced knowledge, produced by academics Reading - Talks about critics - Criticism is about the evolution of the production of knowledge, these personalities (critiques are done by strongly opinionated people) Norton - Table of topics - His interpretation of the changes/ subdiscipline has changed in the last 70 years – the subject in framed by individuals but how they think is shaped by the society around them o – the structure and the agent (superstructure and base interactions) The “old” Cultural Geography: Carl Sauer + The Berkeley School (California) - Frames: prof – how you were taught, and the topics they focused on (want to become a prof), the economy (the funding available), time (year/ time period), location (where things happened- physical and ideologically – culture, etc) - North American cultural geography standards is to begin with Sauer o Opportunity to connect physical/ human geo – by revisiting Sauer with the criticism allows for new connections o The changes over time are important (old vs. new criticism) - Quote * Key idea (the morphology) o Time is independent of human interactions (the processes will occur regardless) o Culture is human interaction/ how it changes landscape - Examined how cultural groups came about (archaeologically- pottery, seeds) creating the “cultural landscape” o Then tracking dispersal (migration patterns) o How agricultural practices historically connected to cultural landscapes Cultural Landscape - The Berkeley school represented the phD students Sauer trained (36) and the education he continued through these students o His influence was huge o Cultural ecology, cultural archaeology, environmental history Sauer’s Influence - Fieldwork – advocated intense fieldwork – need for students to get in the field to understand/ recreate cultural geography (rural areas to reconstruct the past) - Secondary sources (highly critical) – preferred primary data collection  reconstruct past (fieldwork) but not studying texts only, studying physical material artifacts - Self critical reflexivity  didn’t focus on his frames and how/ why his knowledge was produced (his critiques have though) – less theoretical contemplation - Seen as a heroic figure *much of the criticism is that people won’t criticize the person who supervised their phD because they have internalized his ideology - Duncan 1980 critical assessment shocked many o First sustained criticism of Sauer’s work Criticism of Berkeley Tradition: The Superorganic Notion of Culture - Culture us external to individuals – culture as it is presented by Berkeley is on a pedestal (resides above us) no attention paid to how cultural norms are produced (no focus on individuals in the culture- psych, etc) - Internalization of culture – values/ norms are mechanisms causing internalization of culture – behaviour is because of the norms/ values – circular argument (problematic) o Destabilizes the argument/ this type of cultural geo to explain the world - The homogeneity assumption –Sauer studied rural communities and recreated historical communities – these are easily simplified to make generalizations and don’t provide complexities that challenge your findings/ empirical evidence (produces homogeneity) - Habituation: mechanism for the internalization of culture is internalized o Used this method to understand how culture is internalized (habits- it happens because it happens)-
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