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Global Studies 101 Week One.docx

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Wilfrid Laurier University
Global Studies
Timothy Clark

Global Studies Week One, Lecture 2 : What is Globalization? Steger: invites us to go beyond simplistic impression of globalization, Challenge dualisms that shape our thought processes  Modern/traditional  East/West  Good/Evil (terrorist attacks after 911 how did Bush divide the world)  North/South  Global/Local History of West and North has helped construct lifestyle and history of East and South, British Empire controlled ¼ world’s population. “The original 911” relates to Chile, citizens fairly elected man that the U.S.A. did not support, leader of Chilean socialist party. US.A. spent millions of dollars to transform his public image and be his demise. Salvador Pinche stormed government building and killed thousands of people unjustly including the president of the country. All caused because they democratically elected a person invoking change Bin Laden transmits his message through choice of weapon use, clothes, day video released, East is becoming driving force of Globalization. Global and the Local  Three key point: o Globalization is experienced by everyone in different way o Global processes and events all occur somewhere, some place o Local identities always emerge in some relation to others – HERE is only comprehensible to in relation to THERE Globality: Globalization is a transformative process that is moving our world from a system that is revolved around national countries, national borders, national identities into an emergence of a global community, a global consciousness. Processes of Globalization National ImaginaryGlobal Imaginary Nationality and internationalGlobality and global interconnectedness Slowly seeing ourselves as less than simply Canadian, part of a bigger system that we all have basic human rights, eroding thought that each country has Four qualities of globalization:  Expansion of networks that cross traditional boundaries  Stretching of social connections  Acceleration and intensification of exchange  Emergence of new subjectivities and consciousness Globalization Thesis: argues a new stage in human development Globalization as a new stage of world politics:  Rise of global economy  Globalization and decline of State  Globalization of communications technology  Transitional and social movements and hybrid identities Rise of Global Economy  More employment objective of governments  Slowly regulations change and become undone  Tariffs=tax on imported goods in order to influence people to buy local but they were cut in order to encourage global trade  Trade began to grow more than economy in 1960’s Globalization and the decline of State  Weakening of ability of governments to regulate their own economy and respond to demands of citizens  Structural Power of Capital  Mitterrand U-Turn (Francois Mitterrand president of France in 1981, wanted to increase taxes on wealthy, increases money for social programs, yet within a year money began to flow out of France the economy began to collapse. Since no government in G7 as attempted any program related to this knowing they do not have authority and power to impose that kind of agreement.  International Trade and Investment Trade agreements (designed to reduce barriers to trade and protect rights of investors) NAFTA/ Canada-China FIPA  Transnational Political Institutions have arisen and taken on greater roles (WTO, IMF, EU,G20) The Globalization of Communications Technology  In 2012 estimated 2.1 billion people had internet access  Cellphone plans rose from 0.002% in 1990 to 34% in 2005 Transitional Social Movement  Human rights, Environment, have increased over the years and are now active all over the world  Must work nationally and transnationally to consider concerns The Globaloney Thesis: Five main concepts:  Globalization of history  Myths of Global Economy  Globalization of State  Globalization and Local Resistance  Globalization and the decline of Mobility Globalization as History  Trade as % of GDP reached nearly 40% in Europe in the early 1990’s  Foreign Direct Investment as a % of global investment was 5% of total investment in 1919, higher than today Myths of Global Economy  Exports as a % of the global economy double, and triple counts and is likely less than 20%  Less than 10% of global investments are foreign investments (FDI), local investment is a small influence in country  7% of rice is traded across borders and only 7y% of directors of S&P 500 films are foreigners Globalization and the State  State as Author of Globalization, the governments are the cause of the demise they pass the trade agreement  State is creating Globalization  USA spending is not declining steady rise because government is Globalization and Local Resistance  2% of telephone calls are international  Less than 20% of internet traffic crosses borders  Resurgence of indigenous identities and hardening of national and ethnic identities
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