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GS101 Week 10, Lecture 1.docx

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Global Studies
Timothy Clark

Global Studies Week 10, Lecture 1 Globalization and Human Rights Origins of the global human rights regime  WW2, and the Holocaust  Charter of the United Nations (1945) o Article 1, Section 3: Promoting the Encouraging Respect for Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms  Universal Declaration on Human Rights (1948) o Life, Liberty, and Security of the Person o Non-Discrimination and freedom of thought and expression—can’t be discriminated by race, religion, freedom to express views o Adequate standard of living, including food, clothing, housing, medical care, and social services What are Human Rights?  Cold War and the Battle over Human Rights (1966) o International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) o Negative Rights: Life, Security, Non-Discrimination, Property, Religion—they are all freedoms against having someone telling you what to think, The Government— protecting individuals from threats against them o Promoted by Capitalist West  International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights o Positive Rights: Labour, Social Security, Food, Water, Clothing, Housing, Education, and Health Care  Tension between Negative, and Positive Rights—people who have the right to property— wealth—and not have government tell them what to do or take any ie tax BUT that is basic part of providing for others- taxpayers money pay for the free schooling etc. o Property Rights vs. Social Rights Three Generations of Human Rights  First Generation: Life, Property, Equality before the law, Conscience and Expression, Political Participation  Second Generation: Material Subsistence (Food, Clothing, Shelter), Education, Healthcare, Labour Rights—people began to put themselves into social classes,  Third Generation: Clean Air, Water, Cultural Survival, Substantive Equality (Affirmative Action) World Economic Forum: Gender Gap Rankings 2012  Canada— 21 spot,  Women earn 64% of what a male earns o 29% of Women Work Part-time, only 11.9% of men o Occupational Segregation: 67% of Women Work in Teaching, Nursing and Health Related Fields o Occupations Wage Gaps: 71% Manufacturing, 73% Sales and Service, 80% Management o Women Comprise 48% of Labour Force but only 22% of senior management, unchanged over past TWO DECADES!!  Women make up majority of voters but only 20.8% of MPs  Women represent nearly 50% of lawyers under 50 years old, but only 30% of judges (27% of Appointments under Harper) Imperial Canada th  2006 Canada ranked 55 in troop contribution to UN Peacekeeping Mis
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