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Lecture 3

Lecture 3 Sept 18th.docx

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School
Wilfrid Laurier University
Department
Global Studies
Course
GS101
Professor
Dorotea Gucciardo
Semester
Fall

Description
th Lecture 3 Sept 18 , 2012 - Europe where the birth of the modern nation states - Used more frequently than “country” - Define: state- politically organized ,internationally recognized , geographical area that processes sovernty - State used to describe govt- making up the rules and regulating them - Enforce rules through police serive, collects taxes, decide on issues of war, patrolling boarders - The govt - Single most powerful association/ institution in any society - Define Nation- a group with a shared cultural or ethnic identity (as opposed to a geographic entity) ie. Fist Nations – cultural and ethnically linked to one another - Nation-state system- specific state one that provides a sovereign territory for nations ( a particular group of ppl …Similar cultures, ethics, values, speak the same language, behave to cultural norms. Ie. Italy) - The connection between state and nation did not always exist – national state new phenomenon – marks the shift from other types of states that dominated before - Migration affects the build-up of the nation state - Some Govt see immigrants as threat – and try to create cultural uniformity (education, laugauge uniformity) - Other govt (ie. Cnd) - develops policies of multiculturalism - Immigration is a hotbutton issue as global immigration increases - PAST: 17 century Europe- sweeping changes occurred - Nation state system emerges - Prior to emergence of nation state in Europe - *** 2 key things influences life in Europe - 1. Feudalism – flourished in 9th-15th century - Feudalism- legally recognized system that defines the structure of a society ie. Feudal lord who owns large land, and have peasants who rent the land from the lord in exchange for their work. nd - 2. 2 characteristic that dominated – Roman Catholic Church- 1000-1800 CE the RCC was one of the most powerful forces in Europe- - Empire was centered around Kingdom Germany, Kingdoms of Italy and Burgundy, counties and other domains - The church held power of all aspects of life! (political, economical, ect.) th - By the 16 century the church’s power declines ness. For the nation state system! - The nation sate system could not happen if the RCC didn’t decline - The nations state system organized secular difference rather than spiritual unity - 16 century was a time of unprecedented change- beginning of the modern era (Renaissance in Italy and arriving in England, growth of capitalist money-based economy (exahnging money for goods and services not barter), tech. innovations (gunpowder and cannons (large pop), printing press- allowed for ideas esp. nationalist ideas and brought the bible to the masses) - People started to question faith - Churches dominating position is in question; when ppl question the power of the churchchurch decline - The greatest change in this time, is the Protestant Reformation: led by self- described reformers who objected(in this case protested) the doctrines, rituals and structure of the RCC - A key figure was Martin Luther (and
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