GS201 Tutorial Questions- Sept 20 th 10/3/2013 9:17:00 AM
GS201 September 20 thTutorial Questions
1. What is a theory?
A theory is a string of ideas and thoughts that are intended to explain or
support something and why something is the way that it is. These ideas are
usually based on certain principles. A theory can also be classified simply as
a way of thinking. A theory usually provides explanations and norms for how
to live your life if you believe in that theory.
2. What are the basic arguments of liberalism?
The basic arguments of liberalism focus mainly on advocating for a high level
of freedom within the individual. Being liberal, one would assume the
individual is capable of pursuing their own interests and taking action within
their future based on their own wants and needs. Liberalism believes in
living a life without taking direction from others. Liberals are very positive
and optimistic when it comes to being hopeful for the freedom, individuality,
and success of the individual. John Locke played a large role in the
development of liberalism in advocating personal property, freedom and
liberty without government intervention.
3. Why and when did classical liberalism emerge?
Classical liberalism emphasizes the desire for limited to no government
intervention and free marketplace. It emerged in the late seventeenth
century by John Locke. Locke felt that citizens had been free and living equal
for awhile but were simply unable to settle disputes fairly. Classical
liberalism emerged from the idea of a “social contract” with individuals
agreeing to use government assistance for limited purposes like the
protection of life, liberty and property. A large turning point in classical
liberalism was the adoption of laissez-faire. This was a system where
workers could work within the marketplace moving trade and other
interactions with no government interference.
4. What is the ideal role of the state for classical liberalists?
Classical liberalists agreed they would use the state for limited purposes
such as the protection of life, liberty and property. The government should
have limited powers only protecting citizens while respecting the rights of the people. They were to protect property, prevent fraud and impartially