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GS 201 October 2nd.docx

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Global Studies
Guest Lecture

GS 201 October 2 , 2012 Max Weber (1864- 1920) - Influenced by Karl Marx, Nietzche, Hegel and Simmel - Economy and Society, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, The Sociology of Religion - Father of sociology - Great respect for Marx (never met), similarities is lives - Studied broad subjects - Father was authoritarian who was an abusive husband (made him question authority) - Found problems with social revolution and never believed there would be one (opposite of Marx) - Emotional break down after father’s death (guilt from evicting abusive father) - Visited USA (influenced ideology) Common - Historical method o Looking back to see what capitalism replaced, how/ why it emerges (feudalism) - Class was important to view social/ economic issues and changes socially Methodology - Focus on the lived experience of the people (qualities) o Also respected by quantitative theorists - Interpretive thought- your interpretation is your reality (different versions of the truth/ reality) – all are valid o He uses this as a lens to understand your world - Looks for general connections (women, etc) but are shaped by experiences - Need to understand things change as the world changes - Casual plural- multiple explanations for something (not Marx) – not neatly identified - Two way flow (economics effects institutions but also the opposite is true) o Protestant ethic key idea - The researcher needs to be value neutral but still understand each person’s life o Your lived experience shapes how, who and why you study - Looked for valid historical truths of societies o Not there to say what is right/wrong but say what is o Not advocate for social change simply research (opposition to Marx) o Not to predict, give a blueprint or lead a revolution Travels to America - Rationalization and problems with bureaucracy - Admires USA: massive parties and peoples groups o Long term democracy o Many people needed to revolt - Political parties are problematic (groups) – how does everyone participate - Large businesses emerged (and growing across boun
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