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Tutorial #4 notes.docx

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Global Studies
Theresa Romkey

Tutorial #4 12/10/2012 07:35:00 1. How is Locke's understanding of political power different from other types of power (for example husband over wife or father over children)?  Political power is there to make sure rights and freedoms are not imposed on, whereas family can impose on your rights and control them  Political power keeps the public in mind 2. How does he conceptualize men in the „state of nature‟?  Men in the „state of nature‟ are equal and have perfect freedom – act according to will  Equal unless otherwise indicated by God - egalitarian  They take and give, but are steadily at the same pace  Everyone has the executive power of the law of nature  We need to use reason 3. Why start with the „state of nature‟? What is he trying to argue/illustrate?  Inconveniences in the state of nature (objectivity)  Why we created political power & why it is in our best interest considering the circumstances and problems with the state of nature  Locke says we need a government (we were created by God, God made us rational), Marx says we don‟t (we are rational because we are)  Showing the utopian state? o Ideally, men are equal and free, and would be able to handle this, but complications of life (property, violence) can shift this balance far too easily 4. Why do men need the civil society? What do we give up? What are the limits?  Lack of objectivity  We give up our perfect freedom and some of our power to the state – especially our punishment, that goes to the Magistrate  In return, we get laws and protection – transparent system  Government to restrain the partiality and violence of men  Self-love makes men too partial to themselves  Decide controversies, punish offenders  We go into civil society to avoid the state of war 5. How do we make things our property? Are there limits?  Labour of one‟s body and the work of one‟s hands belong to the individual  Whatsoever he removes out of the state that nature has provided, and left it in, he has mixed his labour with, and joined to it something that is his own = his  Appropriation  Limitations: o Labour limitation: Each man owns their labour power – man owns the woman, children, slaves, along with their labour power
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