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GS201 Lecture October 2nd.docx

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Global Studies
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Guest Lecture

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GS201 Lecture October 2 , 2012 Max Weber (1864- 1920) - Influenced by Marx, Nietzche, Hegel and Simmel - Economy and Society - The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism - The Sociology of Religion - Father of sociology - Great respect for Marx (never met), similarities is lives - Studied abroad - Father was authoritarian who was an abusive husband (made him question authority) - Found problems with social revolution and never believed there would be one (opposite of Marx) - Emotional break down after father’s death (guilt from evicting abusive father) - Visited USA (influenced ideology) Common - Historical method o Looking back to see what capitalism replaced (feudalism), how/ why it emerges o Class was important to view social/ economic issues and changes socially Methodology - Focus on the lived experience of the people (qualitative) o Also represented by quantitative theorists - Interpretive thought- your interpretation is your reality (different versions of the truth/ reality) – all are valid o He uses this as a lens to understand your world - Looks for general connections (women, etc) but are shaped by experience - Need to understand things change as the world changes - Causal plural- multiple explanations for something (not Marx) – not neatly identified - Two way flow (economics effects institutions but also the opposite is true) o Protestant ethics is key idea - The researcher needs to be value neutral but still understand each person’ life o Your lived experiences shape how, who and why you study - Looked for valid historical truths of society o Not there to say what is right/ wrong but say what is o Not advocate for social change simply research (opposition to Marx) o Not to predict, give a blueprint or lead to a revolution Travels (America) - Rationalization and problems with bureaucracy - Admires USA: massive parties and peoples groups o Long term democracy o Many people needed to revolt - Political parties are problematic (groups)- how does everyone participate - Large businesses emerged (and growing across boundaries) - Why does capitalism look different in the USA? Rise of Capitalism - Marx never saw differences, simply states in global terms - Weber – protestant ethic o How ideas become effective forced in history - Ben Franklin (Calvinist belief) – God already decided before born if you were going to heaven or hell (pre- determined) but you must follow your calling (appear like a select) but can’t show the wealth o Religious beliefs effects economic structures o Rational meyser o Successful capitalist – reinvest wealth into their business (Calvinist) o Religious ideology shaped economic system - Capitalist society in USA emerged from religious beliefs and the ethic (work, invest cycle) continues (simply play a role) o Social conditions and meaning people attach to their lives - “how we think shapes structures just like structures can shape what we think” o Do you have agency (ability to act) and how much do we have - Simplicity movement? – people questioning materialism o Is it recession based? o Amish, Mennonites - Weber – we still search for success and job but no longer connected to religious beliefs (disenchantment – remove from a belief) - Not just your relationship to ownership (your class) - Class – Marx – missed
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