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Global Studies
Edmund Pries

Globalization and Cultures: The Cosmopolitan Village GS221 Lecture 2 - January 18, 2013 A Brief History of Cultural Globalization 3Eras - up to 1500 - 1500- 1945 * 1789 French Revolution end of early modern era -1945- present Human Migration - does sharing a “Common Mother” in Eastern Africa make us all the same, how many degrees of separation? - are we all genetically the same (minor differences) - is culture what separates us? - was it developed to divide us and unite our own conditions -geographical different - stories (eventually religion) - these develop culture - without cultural distinctions do we re-globalize culture? - through movement of people (constant movement) Conquest: moving in “Gothic Style” - roving armies took their families (eg. Vandals, Goths while conquering the Roman Empire) - nomadic people took their community and belongings to new places mixing with the people already there - different clothing and traditions between people Conquest: Moving in “Viking Style” - spread of people and extensive settlements (18 C) Conquest: moving in “Genghis Style” - Genghis Khan (1162- 1227) - didn’t bring families but brought large crimes - serve view of conquering enemies - 1/10 Eastern Europe, 1/ 200 men on the planet carry his DNA - many il/ legitimate children (rape when conquered and many wives, sons/ grandsons continued the ideology) - moving in process: clearing out existing populations - kill millions of people - significant impact on cultural heritage (religious, etc) he left offspring in power in conquered areas Wars- key cause of migration- people flee violence (want to avoid conflict/ war) - no true borders until post WWII Diaspora: Moving Out - in search of food - land (pasture, agriculture, homestead) (desire for space) - religious freedom - in search of work (after industrial revolution) - slavery, military conquest (people flee in search of peace or are taken) Diaspora: Developing Culture in a New Land - where is home? - cultural formation often occurs in Diaspora communities, something is transmitted back to the original “home community” -how do they define their culture - does it change (re-define) - how do you make it work - at what point does “home” connect to here and how do you justify the importance here- people often become more dedicated/ purified in fear of losing their culture - cultural inheritance is passed down - how long before you are now part of the new area’s culture (time based, marriage based, loss of language dependent of person’s personal connection, generations, continuation of values/ beliefs) - dependent on which culture is being brought and is always the
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