GS101 Lecture Notes - Edward Linley Sambourne, Cecil Rhodes, The Rhodes Colossus

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1 Feb 2013
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Michael Matthews September 15, 2011
Scholarly Focus Lecture
What does globalization mean? The fact that we consume certain things that have a major impact; this is a
great sign of globalization, showing strong interconnectedness. New types of ethical and collective
(together) problems that we have to solve. What is the notion of global order and the role that technology
has? However globalization has to be declared by the idea of progress. Part of the question has to be
whether or not globalization means a key part of modernization. But does modernization mean
westernization? If progress may be interpreted as something that can be questioned, can we question if
globalization itself is a good thing or bad thing.
How did the notion of a global order emerge? Ronald Regan was a key figure in the time of the cold war
and was a crucial time in solving super powers. In 1989, it was the end of the cold war, leading people to
believe that we are all as one. However, maybe this sense of unity comes from the environmental crisis that
our world faces. An issue that we must work together to solve such as the holes in the o zone that effect
everyone in the world. With rising water levels for instance, what are animals like polar bears going to do
when they don’t have an environment to live in. Perhaps, it is the consciousness that we all know about the
environmental issues that hold us all together.
Perhaps it is new information and technology that is pulling us together as if the internet is like a never
ending conversation or universe because it is always expanding and never stopping. However the result of
this is an inevitable truth that we must accept.
Critical Reading:
1. Do the Reading
2. Ask deep questions about the points made by the author (How do you feel about them?)
3. Try to figure out the author’s biases and assumptions.
4. Ask yourself how/ if your perspectives changes knowing what you know now.
The Nature of globalization is contradictory process and somewhat deceiving.
Globalization is a set of processes that hasten us towards the road of globally. It is a shifting form of
contact that has been furled by technology.
The Global imaginary is the consciousness that we belong to one community, or one world. This refers to
the idea that we are interdependent, and we rely on each other. We all belong to a world community.
How did the white men come to rule the earth? The Rhodes Colossus, a caricature of Cecil Rhodes after
announcing plan for a telegraph line from Cape Town of Cairo. For punch by Edward Linley Sambourne.
Promise vs. Reality:
Good things can come through globalization: Trade, Freedom, Democracy, Freedom, and Prosperity for
everyone.
However things can happen too: Increased poverty, instability and insecurity, lack of cultural
understanding, war, inequality.
The Civilizing Mission: Gold, Glory, and God. Big incentives of Colonialism and to civilize people.
Questions to consider:
Do you see the decline of the old empires today?
What about human agency?
Is it fair to make these comparisons between historical colonialism and neo (or modern) colonialism/
globalization? Is that Galenno’s message?
Do you agree with Steger that globalization is both contested and contradiction? /should he get off the
fence?
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