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Lecture

GS101 Lecture Notes - Population Ageing, U.S. Route 130, The Bachelor Party


Department
Global Studies
Course Code
GS101
Professor
Timothy Clark

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Globalization and the Challenge of Development
East Asia and Latin American Comparative Perspective
Asian countries GDP increased, was less than Latin America first, then surpassed them
and got closer to Europe
What Happened?
Inequality and underdevelopment
o because of inequality, some people began to pursue socialist means to create
equality
o the importance of land form
countries with more equal land distribution grow faster
autonomous versus Oligarchic States
land and state autonomy
o autonomous state = not controlled by select few
oligarchy is ruled by the few
o in Latin America, powerful people were able to control the
land and influence the political system
public investment and education
o national versus elite priorities
more education = more salaries, better quality
products, more equitable distribution of income
most of the public investment is tailored to free
university education, but only those who went to
private schools from grade 8 - high school could go
to these, (Latin America, tailored to elites)
whereas in South Korea and Taiwan, education was
more towards public schools (because no land elite)
the role of the United States
o the "Cold War" effect
U.S. was concerned about south Asian countries
going to communism, so U.S supported Latin
America
U.S. helped promote equality in south Asian
countries, to keep them from going communist
an uncomfortable question: is sustained and rapid economic development compatible
with democracy?
o most weren't democracies during this economic growth
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