GS101 Lecture Notes - Occupational Segregation, International Criminal Court, Lester B. Pearson

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Published on 18 Apr 2013
School
WLU
Department
Global Studies
Course
GS101
Professor
Globalization and Global Human Rights
March 19, 2013
Origins of Global Human Rights Regime
World War 2 and the Holocaust
Charter of the United Nations (1945)
o Promoting and Encouraging Respect for Human Rights and Fundamental
Freedoms
o Used to prevent atrocities like the Holocaust again
Universal Declaration on Human Rights (1948)
o Rights of a person regarding life, liberty, and the security of a person
o Build on this to create non-discrimination, and freedom of thought and expression
o Right to an adequate standard of living, access to food, clothing, housing, medical
care, social services, etc.
What are Human Rights
The Cold War and the „Battle‟ Over Human Rights (1966)
o Communism did bring some security in the form of standard of living and access
to jobs
o International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
Negative Rights are all freedoms against having someone tell you what to
do and think
Includes: Life, Security, Non-Discrimination, Property, and Religion
They were promoted by the Capitalist West
o International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)
Positive Rights are freedoms that come as an addition to Negative Rights
such as having a good wage, access to safe jobs, etc.
Includes: Labour, Social Security, Food, Water, Clothing, Housing,
Education and Health Care
o Tension over Positive/Negative Rights
Those with higher incomes have their money taken away by taxes to pay
for basic services
Three Generations of Human Rights
First Generation: Life, Property, Equality Before the Law, Conscience and Expression,
Political Participation
Second Generation: Material Subsistence (Food, Clothing, Shelter), Education,
Healthcare, Labour Rights
Third Generation: Clean Air and Water, Cultural Survival, Substantive Equality
(Affirmative Action)
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Document Summary

Charter of the united nations (1945: promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and fundamental. Freedoms: used to prevent atrocities like the holocaust again. The cold war and the battle over human rights (1966: communism did bring some security in the form of standard of living and access to jobs, international covenant on civil and political rights (iccpr) Negative rights are all freedoms against having someone tell you what to do and think. They were promoted by the capitalist west: international covenant on economic, social, and cultural rights (icescr) Positive rights are freedoms that come as an addition to negative rights such as having a good wage, access to safe jobs, etc. Includes: labour, social security, food, water, clothing, housing, Education and health care: tension over positive/negative rights. Those with higher incomes have their money taken away by taxes to pay for basic services. First generation: life, property, equality before the law, conscience and expression,

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