GS101 Lecture Notes - Commodification, Monocropping, Enclosure

19 views3 pages
Published on 18 Apr 2013
School
WLU
Department
Global Studies
Course
GS101
Professor
Globalization and The Global Food Crisis
Origins of The Global Food System
The Temperate-Grain-Livestock Complex
o Began in Britain from 1500-1800 because of 2 things
Enclosure Movement
Dismantling of the old feudal order that had dominated society
(lordpeasants) until modernity
Lords decided to close off the peasants land and control access to
the land
This required peasants to sell their labour instead of their food
Agrarian Capitalism
The privatization of land by lords to increase their intake and
forcing the peasants to sell their labour
o Rise of Population and Agricultural Demand
Population explosion in 1800s creating a massive demand for food
2 Responses
Imperialism
o Exporting people to the Americas to work
o Importing food from around the world
The Agricultural Revolution
o Transformed agricultural production
o Soil Mining
The systematic usage of soil nutrients faster than
they are naturally replenished
o Rise of Monocropping
This provides specialization of one crop
However it makes your vulnerability to external
factors
o Commodification of Animals
Animals became commodities that could be bought
and sold
Used as food and not just livestock
Meat is the most inefficient form of protein to get
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

The temperate-grain-livestock complex: began in britain from 1500-1800 because of 2 things. Dismantling of the old feudal order that had dominated society (lord peasants) until modernity. Lords decided to close off the peasants land and control access to the land. This required peasants to sell their labour instead of their food. The privatization of land by lords to increase their intake and forcing the peasants to sell their labour: rise of population and agricultural demand. Population explosion in 1800s creating a massive demand for food. Imperialism: exporting people to the americas to work, importing food from around the world. The agricultural revolution: transformed agricultural production, soil mining. The systematic usage of soil nutrients faster than they are naturally replenished: rise of monocropping. However it makes your vulnerability to external factors: commodification of animals. Animals became commodities that could be bought and sold. Used as food and not just livestock. Meat is the most inefficient form of protein to get.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.