GS101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Folklore, Anabaptism, Calvinism
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A History of Globalization
Steger’s denition ‘Globalization refers to the expansion and intensication
of social relations and consciousness across world time and world space’
World time- connected through the past and future. What’s being developed
here has been developed and connected through people from the past?
Steger’s ve epochs of history
1. Prehistoric period (10000 BCE - 3500 BCE)
2. Pre-modern period (3500 BCE – 1500 BCE)
3. Early modern period – French revolution occurred in the 1789 (1500 –
1750) or 1789
4. The modern period (1750 – 1980)
5. Modern period (from the 1980s)
Has been going on for tens of thousands of years
Not as new as we would like to think it is. Example by the nancial
oMultinationals can move their money around without
constrictions of borders and they can move their money around
oPeople will not sit in one spot, but follow the money resource.
Hard power – bullets and bucks
- better in the short run?
Soft power – culture: esp. ‘beliefs and values’
- Better in the long run?
- Harper downplayed soft power and supported Canada needs to be hard
- Trudeau promotes soft power
- Canada helped write many laws and rights (Rights of a Child)
Which has the greater impact in terms of a globalized world?
What is a country?
1. Territory and Resources (which matters more)
- anyone can argue which matters more
- nowadays matters more about resources
- many wars have been fought over oil
- next will be water
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