Salem [2] Witches In Salem Lecture topics: History of witchcraft in England Why Salem was different Events at Salem [1]

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Published on 16 Oct 2011
School
WLU
Department
History
Course
HI114
Professor
HI114
September 28
[In Lecture]
SALEM [2] WITCHES IN SALEM
Witches in England - a widespread problem?
[carol karlsen, the devil in the shape of a woman: witchcraft in colonial new
england]
1620-1646
no prosecutions for witchcraft, however there were informal accusations against
Anne Hutchinson, Jane Hawkins and Mary Dyer (first two banished, Dyer
executed)
suggests there were no trials because there was to much else going on,
colonists were to concerned with economic survival to be bothered with
witchcraft
1647-1663 intense witch fear
79 people accused
33 tried
15 found guilty
61 out of 79 people and 13 out of 15 executed were women
13 accused in Hartford, CT (1662-1663)
During this time that the standard range of witchcraft behaviour is established
(pts from last week)
pact with the devil is also established during this time as an important part of
witchcraft (imported from europe)
1664-88 slight decline
75 people accused (58w 17m)
12 tried (9m 3w)
3 women convicted (0 executed)
decline in intensity in the fear of witchcraft
why? carson says there is a change in character of the people who are being
accused of being witches.
people higher up the social ladder are among the accused
men who were not married to suspected witches were accused
Puritan church did not like this, and effectively closed these proceedings down
because it was not those they wanted to be accused
1688-93
The Godwin case
boston, 1688
kids become possessed, washerwoman is accused of being a witch (meets
the standard, classic old hag, catholic, poor)
tried, convicted, executed
Cotton Mather’s Memorable Providences (1689)
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