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Lecture

HI114 Lecture Notes - Executive Order 9835, Loyalty Program, David Caute


Department
History
Course Code
HI114
Professor
Darren Mulloy

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HI114
October 19
[In Lecture]
McCARTHYISM [2] LOYALTY, HOLLYWOOD AND SPES
A) Truman’s Loyalty-Security Program
executive order 9835 (March 25, 1947)
Federal Employee’s Loyalty Program, to go into effect in October
Not the first time:
WW1 - 600 denied work in 1918
WW2 100 lost government jobs + 30 resigned
Truman’s loyalty program was much more extensive than previous loyalty program, the
most extensive in American history.
This is during peace times.
argued that this loyalty program did more than any other single government action to
instigate the second red scare
The Programme:
new and existing employees
you would be subject to a loyalty check, your past would be scrutinized, any
past employment, school, ANYTHING
everyone is subject
Loyalty board and a loyalty review board
seems fair, you can bring a lawyer, you can attend the hearing, you can appeal
the decision. AT FACE VALUE SEEMS FAIR
IN PRACTICE
ANONYMOUS ACCUSERS
(encouraged people to come forward)
you wouldn’t necessarily know what you were being accused of.
anonymous accusers, general statement how can you defend yourself?
WIDE STANDARDS FOR DISMISSAL (GUILT BY ASSOCIATION)
Part V of EO9835: “reasonable grounds … disloyal to the Government of the
United States”
sympathetic association - ANY association,
PAST ASSOCIATIONS - even if you are no longer associated
deliberately ruined peoples lives, it was unlikely that anyone “disloyal” could get
another job
POWER OF SECURITY OFFICERS - feared, had enormous power
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