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Lecture

Vietnam [1] Early Years - From Truman to Kennedy French roots of America's war Eisenhower and the beginning of American intervention John F. Kennedy's war (1961-63)


Department
History
Course Code
HI114
Professor
Darren Mulloy

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HI114
The Vietnam War [1]
The Early Years: From Truman to Kennedy
The Vietnam War (1954-1975)
long
failed
domestically divisive
bloody:
58,000 Americans killed
153,000 injured
4 million Vietnamese soldiers/civilians killed (10% of population)
has had a lasting impact
A) THE FRENCH ROOTS OF AMERICA’S WAR
*vietnam has a long history of struggle
1867 - Vietnam colonized.
Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia = French Indochina
*the French used FI for materials
*instituted a VERY repressive government to rule
*monopolized the land, most were put in a position of working the land to live there
Ho Chi Minh (1890-1969)
Vietnamese nationalist, perhaps one of the greatest nationalists of the 20th century
at the time the communist party was one of the only party that openly opposed
colonialism
Ho Chi Minh joined the communist party to further his nationalism
1940-1941, Japan occupies Vietnam
1941 - Viet Minh is organized
lead by the communists
looking to get colonial countries out of Vietnam
Liberate some northern Vietnam towns
August 1945 - Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DVR) established
September 1945, declares Vietnams independence, goes so far as to use some
excerpts from America’s declaration of independence
The French then return to Vietnam
March 1946 - France and Viet Minh “compromise”
DRV = “free state” in the French Union
French military occupation of Northern Vietnam to ensure compliance
December 1946 - First Indochina War
Fighting from Haiphong and Hanoi
the french control the cities, the vietnamese control the countryside
8 year war
1948 - Emperor Bao Dai installed by French
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