HI127 Lecture 18: HI-127 Lecture 18

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21 Nov 2016
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Lecture 18: Chinese Pirates
How did Chiese pirates opare to Cariea pirates etwee the 6’s ad 8’s?
Examples:
Cheng Chi-Lung/Koxinga (1623-1662)
Cheng Yih/Cheng Shi (1801-1810)
Shap’-Ng-Tsai (1842-1849)
Major Dynasties
-Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644, invasion from the north causes revolution, end to this dynasty
-Qing Dynasty, 1644-1912, end of the dynasty era
Reasons for Chinese Piracy
-Opportunities from economic gain
-Politics
Koxinga
-Born in Japan in 1624
-Japanese Mother
-Father: Cheng Chi-Lung a Pirate
Cheng Chi-Lung (1604-1661)
Born in 1595 in Southern China
Moved to Macao, small Portuguese colony,
o Uncle was a trader/smuggler here, he went to work for him
o Portuguese trading
Would trade valuable goods to Japan for gold/silver
o Met a trader Li Jan in Japan, from his home region
o Li Jan was the leader of merchants in Japan
1623: Li Died
o Cheng takes over his fleet
1625: Becomes a Pirate
o Richest pirate in Taiwan, pirate haven
o Starts working as a privateer for the Dutch
1627: 400 ships under his command
1628: 1000 ships under command
o Cheg’s fore defeats the Mig ad the he eoes the protetor of the East Chiese
waters
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