HI127 Lecture 3: Pirates GLecture 3:4 - Vikings

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19 Dec 2016
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Pirates (Guest) Lecture #2/3
Vikings in Relation to Piracy
Saewicingas
Nationalism and history
Problem of ecclesiastical sources
- Vikings do not have own literature/language in writing
- Main resource of information of the Vikings at this time was from Southerners,
who did not like Vikings; biased perspective.
- There is not one Viking age, Vikings were prevalent throughout History in their
own respective ways.
The Dragonships
Scandinavia as ship uildes la
- Boats could be tested not too far out on the water, so if there was a casualty,
they could rescue all members on board.
Different Ship Types
- Drekar (translation = dragonship)
- Skeid (translation = the ship that cuts through water)
- Snekkja small ship that could be carried and landed on beaches
Increase in size of boats = ability to move larger numbers of men = larger military
operations.
- Ships facilitated what the Vikings were able to do.
Why Raid?
Overpopulation
- Scandinavia does not have uh good lad ad uig out of hat thee as,
expanded and went to war to try to grow land so would not overpopulate
Wealth
- Importance of trading centres: Dorestad, Hamwic, etc.
- Vikings wanted riches of Western Europe and the resources, natural and luxury,
that came with it.
Political Determinism (push and pull factors
- Harald Fairhair
- Vikings are not all the same; One group of Vikings reason for raiding does not
mean another group has the same reasons.
Slaves to use/sell
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Hosts of the Heathen: England
Attack of Lindisfarne (793)
- Home monastery of the saint of a region in England.
Attack of Lindisfarne (801,802)
- Center of Celtic Christianity
- Large worry when this holy place was attacked
- Cellach
Great Army (865)
- Not a raid, massive invasion of Englad
- Dangeld
Alfed The Geat Of Wesse
- Known as the Danelaw
Slaves and Ship Camps: Ireland
Slave Raids
Longphorts
- Viking shipcamp
- Dublin and Lind Duachail (841)
Turgeis
- Famous Viking King
- Irish people hated him
- Sacks of Armagh (839/40), Clonmacnoise (844)
- Allows pig sacrifices to be performed in the church of Saint Patrick.
Ota
Maelsechnail
- Has a message sent to Turgeis that says there is a party with lots of women.
- Turgeis and fifteen of his followers go to the party and remove the gils ales.
- They ended up being Maelsechnails soldiers who stab the Vikings to death.
Life of Saint Findan
- Vikings integrated heavily into Irish culture.
- Integration and Intermarraige
Marauders On The Scene: Francia
Attack on Noirmoutier (799)
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