HI127 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Alexandre Exquemelin, Spanish Main, William Dampier

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29 Jul 2016
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The Buccaneers I
What were the roots of the buccaneers?
How were they unique?
What was their impact on the Caribbean?
What was their impact on the history of piracy?
Terms:
Buccaneers: English/French/Dutch sea raiders in the Spanish Main during the 1600s
- Were specifically a group of men who lived in Hispaniola and eventually Tortuga
Flibustiers (Filibusters): French term for Buccaneers
Locations: Tortuga (French) and Jamaica (British).
Origins of French Buccaneers
1598: Northern Hispaniola depopulation.
- The population was moved by the Spanish to Santo Domingo
- It became a non-Spanish settlement
1640: Tortuga
- There was a movement of these communities to Tortuga
- This was essential a French Buccaneer colony but more importantly French
The term Buccaneers comes from indigenous word Boucan: The process of cooking meat
over an open fire
Buccaneers Life – Exquemelin
The role of indigenous peoples and their effect on Buccaneers
Origins: The British Buccaneers
Settling areas that were not already settled by Spain…an anti-Spanish sentiment
1630: New Providence (Nicaragua)
- This was lost to the Spanish in 1641
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