HI127 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Spanish Treasure Fleet, Woodes Rogers, Wage Labour

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29 Jul 2016
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Golden Age Survey and Charles Vane
Timeline of the Golden Age
When and why did it come to an end?
What were the social and political characteristics of the Golden Age pirates?
This lecture opposes what Konstam says about the Golden Age pirates
Ex: New Providence and Charles Vane
Dates and Numbers
The dates and numbers are constantly being debated about the Golden Age
From 1716-1726 and about 4,500-5,500
Their main targets were merchant ships which their main enemy being the British Royal
Navy
- The Royal navy was stronger so they often avoided battle with them
Another big target was ships carrying slaves which they would sell in the underground
slave trade
- During the Golden Age there was a boom in the slave trade. This was due to the
increasing value of sugar
At this time there is also trade between the Atlantic world and India/Asia
- East India Company (British colonization of India)
- Also Spanish galleons that provided trade from South America to Asia over the
Pacific
- Spices were a major target
Timeline:
1690-1700
Buccaneer decline (a lot of them were out of work, they would have had some allegiance
with their countries) and many of them would turn to piracy which was on the rise
- Henry Every/Thomas Tew (attacks in the Indian Ocean and the creation of a new
pirate base in Madagascar)
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