HI131 Lecture 6: Lecture 6 Feb 10

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4 Aug 2016
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Department
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Ancient Greece
Geography:
Mountainous and surrounded by water
Result: smaller regions each with their own (and very different from Sumerian/Acadian)
dialects and cultures (Athens and Sparta)
- Because of this the most travel by boats (are a naval culture, maritime culture)
Regional conflicts were common
Cities were in valleys or near coastal plains
MLS map of Greek cities
Is Mediterranean, has less to do with land
Early History:
First advanced civilization in Europe
Minoans
Mycenaeans:
They absorbed the Minoans
Mycenaean palace system falls apart (most likely after multiple volcanic eruptions)
Dark Ages:
Dark Ages (time when we don’t know what’s going on in Greece) is when the Iliad and
Odyssey is set. *there is no Homer
There is no text coming from this time
We just have text talking about it after
The Trojan War:
Did it happen? Is Troy where we think it is?
Archaic Greek:
Where we have these city-states, some emerge as dominant
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