HI131 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Shahnameh, Arab Culture, Zoroastrianism

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4 Aug 2016
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India and Persia (Iran)
A Brief History of India and Persia (Iran)
There is a similar problem of multiple belief systems colliding which make it difficult to
understand some of the myths some times
There is a root of commonality among the two places if you were to go very far back
India:
Has a very long history- 9000 years ago
Starting with Primitive agricultural society
The writing system has not been deciphered yet
The ruling class later on speaks Sanskrit 1750-500BCE
- This is when we see these myths being written
- Mahabharata which is an epic war story
- It is unclear if this war actually happened but it is fairly certain that there was a war
and it was mythologized
Jainism and Buddhism are the two ideologies that clash
- Both have a different take on life an how it is lived
This is the time period of the Persian Empires height
- The conquer a portion of India
Persia:
Over a long time, various cities form the Persian Empire
The eventually conquer many people including the Babylonian Empire
They are conquered by the Romans later on
When Islam comes with the Arab invasions they create the Shahnameh as a way to keep
their own culture
- Islam does well in the area but Arab culture does not
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