HI330 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Toleration, Utopia, Sickle-Cell Disease

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Published on 16 Apr 2013
School
WLU
Department
History
Course
HI330
Professor
HI330 Lecture Chesapeake Slaves’ Lives
January 29, 2013
Chesapeake Slaves’ Lives
-Most owned fewer than 5 slaves and most of them worked closely with their
owners but over time there were larger plantations and masters didn’t see their
slaves more characteristic of Virginia and Maryland
-Owners with larger number of slaves would divide them into smaller numbers
thought they might be in danger of a slave rebellion if they allowed too many to live
together
-Over time, as the percentage newly arrived from African declined in the slave
population, larger concentrations of slaves became more common
-Work
-Before the mid 18th century, nearly all slaves worked in the fields
-Usually worked for dawn and dusk for breaks for food and rest and during
the colonial era they didn’t work Sundays
-Many men saw men as women’s work and many avoided trying to do it
-Post 1750 see more specialization among the slave population and some
males had skilled jobs on the plantation (tanning, shoe making, etc)
-Slave women had less access to these specializations they were mostly in
the home caring for children, cooking, cleaning, etc
The Changing Labour Profile
*Over time, the development of slavery altered and affected almost all aspects of
society
-1750
-Virginia and Maryland: 61% of slaves in BNA
-South Carolina and Georgia : 17% of slaves in BNA
-40 000 in the rice producing areas
-Huge leap in the number of slave people and most of the slaves in BNA are in
VA and MD
-Biggest change over time Northern and middle colonies had slavery before
the Revolution and did not after
-Largest institution of slavery changed over time
-In the south, the economic development depended on slavery
-1680 Africans were 7% VA and MD population
-1780: nearly 40%
-Whites
-Economy depended on slave labour
-Punishment
-New control as the slave populations grew
-Grew harsher and harsher over time
-Slaves having ears cut off, disfiguring punishments and whipping
-Where are the free blacks?
-As slavery grew there was a smaller population of free blacks in the colonies
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Slave System the Lowcountry The Carolinas and Georgia
-Developed a distinctive slave society
-What makes this slave region unique
-More focused on rice rather than tobacco (main staple crop)
-The influence of the West Indian plantation system was much stronger here than in
the Chesapeake
-Carolinas in particular were an outpost of the West Indies initially
Deep South Origins
-Similarities with the Deep South and the Chesapeake
-Their beginnings
-South Carolina was the oldest of the Colonies in the Deep South region and was the
most important and influential
-South Carolina: 1670
-Violence, slavery absolutely central to the beginning
-“Colony of a colony”
-Founders?
-Close ties with the West Indies
-First settlers were mostly immigrants from the West Indies
(Barbados, etc)
-Resembled the West Indies more than other colonies
-Islands were fairly small and didn’t have as much space for
harvesting lumber, etc and they were also supplying the West Indies
with beef
-Barbados was over crowded by the 1650s so they needed another
way to get food
-Strategic location
-The British Crown intended it as a barrier to protect the Chesapeake
colonies to protect it from the French and the Spanish to the South and the
East
-Substandard land:
-Coast milaria, subject to flooding
-Inland sandy land, not good for growing, settling, etc
Deep South Prosperity
-Charleston largest port city of the South
-Population
-Small number of white elites
-Small leading, very wealthy white elite and many had been slave holders in
Barbados and brought slaves with them
-Few indentured servants
-Small number of white indentured servants
-Majority was the large non-free black population
-White indentured servants would not want to come here because
there was much less opportunity for advancement here than much of
the other colonies
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Document Summary

Most owned fewer than 5 slaves and most of them worked closely with their owners but over time there were larger plantations and masters didn"t see their slaves more characteristic of virginia and maryland. Owners with larger number of slaves would divide them into smaller numbers thought they might be in danger of a slave rebellion if they allowed too many to live together. Over time, as the percentage newly arrived from african declined in the slave population, larger concentrations of slaves became more common. Before the mid 18th century, nearly all slaves worked in the fields. Usually worked for dawn and dusk for breaks for food and rest and during the colonial era they didn"t work sundays. Many men saw men as women"s work and many avoided trying to do it. Post 1750 see more specialization among the slave population and some males had skilled jobs on the plantation (tanning, shoe making, etc)

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