HI330 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: White Southerners, Haitian Revolution, Ruling Class

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Published on 16 Apr 2013
School
WLU
Department
History
Course
HI330
Professor
HI330 Lecture Resistance and Rebellion
March 7, 2013
Resistance and Rebellion
-Slaves’ reactions to bondage
-How did they use resistance and rebellion?
-Resistance and rebelled against their slaves status during the colonial
era
-Indirect methods, ran away, participated in conspiracies and revolts
against the institution with varying degrees of violence
-What inspired them?
-Under what circumstances did they rebel?
-Pre-Revolutionary Era Goals
-More immediate goals to improve their conditions, to free themselves and
their loved ones, to escape
-Revolutionary Era Goals
Early Revolts
-1719 NYC
-1739 Stono Rebellion near Charleston, South Carolina
-20 recently arrives slaves stole guns and amo, killed their guards and tried
to reach Florida
-Other slaves joined them, about 100
-Killed many owners (30)
-1740 captured 150 slaves and systematically hung them in an attempt to
quell the insurrectionary spirit
-Fears among slaveholders
-Perception of being under siege from all direction
-Fear that the rest of the country is going to try and take away the
institutions and destroy their culture
Runaways and Slaveholders
-What does Kolchin tell us about slaves’ patterns of running away?
-Typically male but debate among historians that more women may have ran
away
-Their reasons for running away
-More freedom
-One of the most overt ways of resisting against the institution
-Women left more than historians used to think but men had more
opportunities to run away
-Slaveholders on fugitives
-Pressure for stronger laws
-Wanted to be able to get their slaves back
-Ruanway’s fate
-Fugitive right: trial, testimony, habeas corpus
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-As a slave you had no right for a trial don't have rights to protect yourself
in court
-No guarantee of habeas corpus legal requirement that a person would be
brought before a court and not just put in prison
-Southerners wanted a stronger fugitive slave law
-Runaway slaves became to slaveholders an increasingly common problem over the
course of the 19th century
Slaves and Morality
Slaves Chose to: Slaveholders Saw:
-Run away -Disobedience and theft
-Work slowly -Sloth
-Fake illness -Lying
-Commandeer food -Stealing
-Break tools and set fires -Sabotage
-Retain self-respect and reject subservience -Insolence
-Physical resistance to whipping/assault -Unprovoked violence and
criminality
-Infanticide (shows how destructive the institution was to an individuals
psyche/poison)
Is that Rebellion?
-‘Everyday resistance’ = slaves claimed control
-Slavery = totalitarian system of physical domination
-We see it as a way in which slaves fought back against what was supposed to
be a totalitarian system
-What did it do?
-Relieved some suffering
-Gained some independence
‘Death or Liberty’ – Slave Rebellions
-Haitian Revolution 1791-1804
-Toussaint L’Overture
-Military leader Toussaint lead black slaves of Haiti and the mixed upper
class into rebellion
-Impact formation of the first black republic in the western hemisphere
-Some refugees went to the American South and influenced rebellions
-Few overt and organized rebellions
-Source of inspiration Haitian revolution
-1800 Gabriel Prosser’s Rebellion – Virginia
-Inspired by revolutionary ideas and northern anti slavery movement
-Believed that slavery denied natural human rights to its victims
-Prosser was a large and strong man known for a fiery temper
-Fall 1799 convicted of biting off a large part of the ear of a white’s
neighbour
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Document Summary

Resistance and rebelled against their slaves status during the colonial era. Indirect methods, ran away, participated in conspiracies and revolts against the institution with varying degrees of violence. More immediate goals to improve their conditions, to free themselves and their loved ones, to escape. 1739 stono rebellion near charleston, south carolina. 20 recently arrives slaves stole guns and amo, killed their guards and tried to reach florida. 1740 captured 150 slaves and systematically hung them in an attempt to quell the insurrectionary spirit. Perception of being under siege from all direction. Fear that the rest of the country is going to try and take away the institutions and destroy their culture. Typically male but debate among historians that more women may have ran away. One of the most overt ways of resisting against the institution. Women left more than historians used to think but men had more opportunities to run away. Wanted to be able to get their slaves back.

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