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Lecture 14

HI112 Lecture 14: Lecture 14-16

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Wilfrid Laurier University
Susan Neylan

Lecture 14: Keeping the Elephants Away: Cold War Canada 1. Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) o grass roots o Regina Manifesto o Tommy Douglas o NDP (1961) 2. Further movement towards the Welfare State o 1948 National Health Programme o 1951-52 Universal Old Age Pension o 1956 Unemployment Assistance Act o 1957 Hospital Insurance Program o expansion of the income tax system o federal and provincial grants to education 3. Canada's Faith in Material Progress 4. Population Booms o Baby Boom (29 per 1000) o Immigration Boom ▪ 1945-57 1.7 million (incl. 66,000 war brides, war husbands, and children) 5. Canada's place in the Cold War World: Was this a Golden Age of Diplomacy? o "I SPY": Igor Gouzenko (1945) o United Nations (1945): attempts at peacemaking 6. Cold War: western powers cozy up: NATO, 1949 o "We share common values from the past, a common defense line at present and common aspirations for the future, and indeed the future of all mankind. Geography has made us neighbors. History has made us friends. Economics has made us partners; And necessity has made us allies. Those whom nature has joined together, let no man put asunder." (J.F. Kennedy, 1961 Address to Canadian Parliament, Ottawa) o Canada and U.S. defense initiatives ▪ D.E.W. (Distant Early Warning system) ▪ N.O.R.A.D. (North American Air Defense Agreement) 7. Canada as UN Peacekeepers o Korea 1950-1953 o Indochina 1954 o Suez Crisis 1956; Nobel Peace Prize for Pearson, 1957 Lecture 15+16: "Rock 'n' Roll & the Rise of Youth Culture" and "Never Trust Anyone over 30" 1. Introduction: Using pop, mass, & counter culture to illustrate historical change, this lecture examines the creation of a group identity for Canadian youth in the 1950s-early 1970s. This generational identity transcended national bo
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