Class Notes (834,657)
Canada (508,678)
History (488)
HI330 (15)
Lecture 9

Lecture 9 - March 5 .docx

5 Pages
Unlock Document

Dana Weiner

Slavery in the Antebellum South: Cotton and Rice March 5, 2013 The Trend toward Expansion -Contradictions -Liberty of some people to expand west and prosper there was predicated by the conquest of other people and expropriation of their lands (native populations) -Liberty of white slave holders is enabled by their expansion of the institution -More freedom for some means worse slavery for others -Westward expansion could look different for different people -Concept of freedom was closely linked to the availability of Western land -“The West” keeps shifting -Territorial Expansion of the United States 1783-1853 Westward Motion -1800: approximately 400 000 whites West of Appalachians -Already was a native population there prior to their arrival -Whites were already outnumbering natives here -1840: crossed Mississippi River -7 million wiles West of the Appalachians -2/5 of the US total population at this time -Motivations -Thrive economically independently – guarantee the possibility of social mobility -Thought that US wouldn’t be a place with fixed social classes -Slaves were affected by the visions and dreams of whites and were moved west Who Moved Where -Three streams -Families, NY and New England -Northwest Territory (norther OH, IN and IL… MI and WI) -Upper Southern farmers -Moved to - Southern OH, IN and IL… Missouri (did bring slaves with them to Missouri) -Out of places like NC, VI and Kentucky -Variety of reasons why they went -Southern planters, small farmers, slaves -New Southwest (AL, MS, LA and AR) Cotton, Slavery, and Profit -Cash crop economies th -King Cotton = 19 century -The cotton gin: 1793 -Lots of people hand’s dirty with the institution not just the slave holders themselvses -High cotton output, high world’s demand -Slave South spread West The Cotton West -Planters pushed west -Internal slave trade -1800-1860 -Approximately 1 million slaves  west -Post Trans-Atlantic slave trade was outlawed in 1808 -Huge internal slave trade – moved around within US -Many families were separated from one another -Devestating impact on families -MD, VA SC – large slave populations -Send slaves to markets: -Mobile, AL -Natchez, MS -New Orleans, LA Effects of King Cotton -White prosperity -Newly able to profit from the slave system -Could have been a source of economic independence -National discord and sectionalism -Westward expansion caused internal problems in the US -Westward movement fostered a lot of disagreement over the boundaries of the slave region -On slaves’ families and communities -Brought Americans into conflicts with native peoples and with slaves (staying with families, etc)  meant that families were broken up and communities were dismantled -How else did cotton change slavery in the US? -Economy -Industrialization - slavery took up much of the economy -Slavery – didn’t industrialize – no railroads, etc Slavery in the Rice Regime -Transformation of slavery -Second middle passage -Cotton and sugar revolutions in the interior states where they had increasing value and economic importance -Effects and challenges of resuscitating and maintaining family ties -Those who left and stayed behind -Trauma to most AA - whether enslaves or freed -Economy and work – soil exhaustion in the east -Western competition and fluctuating world markets for their crops Effects of Moving -Who planters wanted -Younger, able bodied men and women – wanted to establish communities -Half were young adults and the other half were children -Who they did not want -“Refuse” slaves -Slaves they believed couldn’t survive the trails and tribulations of the trip -Old or very young slaves, ill, weak, etc. -Effect on older slave areas?
More Less

Related notes for HI330

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.