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Lecture 10

Lecture 10 - March 7.docx

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Dana Weiner

HI330 Lecture – Resistance and Rebellion March 7, 2013 Resistance and Rebellion -Slaves’ reactions to bondage -How did they use resistance and rebellion? -Resistance and rebelled against their slaves status during the colonial era -Indirect methods, ran away, participated in conspiracies and revolts against the institution with varying degrees of violence -What inspired them? -Under what circumstances did they rebel? -Pre-Revolutionary Era Goals -More immediate goals to improve their conditions, to free themselves and their loved ones, to escape -Revolutionary Era Goals Early Revolts -1719 – NYC -1739 – Stono Rebellion near Charleston, South Carolina -20 recently arrives slaves stole guns and amo, killed their guards and tried to reach Florida -Other slaves joined them, about 100 -Killed many owners (30) -1740 – captured 150 slaves and systematically hung them in an attempt to quell the insurrectionary spirit -Fears among slaveholders -Perception of being under siege from all direction -Fear that the rest of the country is going to try and take away the institutions and destroy their culture Runaways and Slaveholders -What does Kolchin tell us about slaves’ patterns of running away? -Typically male but debate among historians that more women may have ran away -Their reasons for running away -More freedom -One of the most overt ways of resisting against the institution -Women left more than historians used to think but men had more opportunities to run away -Slaveholders on fugitives -Pressure for stronger laws -Wanted to be able to get their slaves back -Ruanway’s fate -Fugitive right: trial, testimony, habeas corpus -As a slave you had no right for a trial – don't have rights to protect yourself in court -No guarantee of habeas corpus – legal requirement that a person would be brought before a court and not just put in prison -Southerners wanted a stronger fugitive slave law -Runaway slaves became to slaveholders an increasingly common problem over the course of the 19 century Slaves and Morality Slaves Chose to: Slaveholders Saw: -Run away -Disobedience and theft -Work slowly -Sloth -Fake illness -Lying -Commandeer food -Stealing -Break tools and set fires -Sabotage -Retain self-respect and reject subservience -Insolence -Physical resistance to whipping/assault -Unprovoked violence and criminality -Infanticide (shows how destructive the institution was to an individuals psyche/poison) Is that Rebellion? -‘Everyday resistance’ = slaves claimed control -Slavery = totalitarian system of physical domination -We see it as a way in which slaves fought back against what was supposed to be a totalitarian system -What did it do? -Relieved some suffering -Gained some independence ‘Death or Liberty’ – Slave Rebellions -Haitian Revolution – 1791-1804 -Toussaint L’Overture -Military leader Toussaint lead black slaves of Haiti and the mixed upper class into rebellion -Impact – formation of the first black republic in the western hemisphere -Some refugees went to the American South and influenced rebellions -Few overt and organized rebellions -Source of inspiration  Haitian revolution -1800 – Gabriel Prosser’s Rebellion – Virginia -Inspired by revolutionary ideas and northern anti slavery movement -Believed that slavery denied natural human rights to its victims -Prosser was a large and strong man known for a fiery temper -Fall 1799 – convicted of biting off a large part of the ear of a white’s neighbour -Over 1000 people and they had a secret stash of weapons -With a storm, Gabriel was betrayed and him and 26 of his followers were hanged Gabriel’s Aftermath and Louisiana -Gabriel’s spirit lived on -White southerners’ attitudes -Psychological effect -Convinced that as long as racialized slaved lived among them the types of racial wars as seen in Haiti could be see in the South -Race war? -Blamed free blacks for causing the rebellions -Thought that as long as the slaves were being watched and enslaved they were being controlled but if t
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