Class Notes (836,126)
Canada (509,644)
History (510)
HI330 (15)
Lecture 13

Lecture 13 - April 2 .docx

5 Pages
Unlock Document

Dana Weiner

HI330 Lecture April 2, 2013 US Colored Troops -Majority from South, former slaves -Some from Confederacy, more border states -Enlistment only road to freedom -Forbidden from white regiments -166 ‘colored’ regiments -White officers, black soldiers -Only get low ranking, low-commissioned officer rankings as an AA -AA had organized regiments and tried to join up to fight for the Union since the beginning of the war -Lincoln administration refused to accept them so they had to fight for their right to fight for the war effort Black Military Experiences -1863-65, approximately 200 000 lacks Army and Navy -10% of total Union troops -Thousands more: other Union work -Often grunt work, some not paid -This was the first time many free people could earn wages -Grunt work – both women and men -Poor pay, conditions, food, & clothing -Confederacy refused mercy = no quarter -Disciplined them more severely -Belief that just recruiting AA soldiers would cause a collapse in Confederacy -But they took aggressive action towards black soldiers -One of the harshest aspects of Civil War -Treated coloured troops as slaves in rebellion -Refused to treat even surrendering black soldiers under the protocol for prisoners of war – treated you like a pre-war slave rebellion – killed or treated very inhumanely Significance of Black Soldiers -September 1863 -54 Mass. Led attack Ft. Wagner, SC -Very well protected Confederate facility – knew odds weren’t favourable -Took place of honour in leading several regiments to make an incursion of the SC fort -Almost ½ died, including white commander Robert Gould Shaw -Proved bravery to North -Convinced many Northerners that Lincoln had been right in allowing African Americans to fight -Black Soldiers’ Impact -Pride in service and patriotism in their country -Active role in freedom -Military service established leaders  later political advancement and helped to set new terms for post-war race relations BUT doesn't mean they were fully able to establish their rights -Faced extreme racism in the Union Army – most veterans reflected positively on their experiences -Boosted self-respect  knew they hadn’t just been given their freedom Black Confederates? -Confederacy might need black soldiers  huge manpower shortage -To recognize slaves as men – may have to do this in order to win the war -Formal proposal for this – January 1864 made by Cleburne -Says the Confederacy should emancipate slaves and recruit them as soldiers -By December 1864 – Similar plan was thought by Davis  his idea was to buy slaves to fight in the military – didn’t want any uncompensated emancipation and they would get their freedom as a reward – slaveholders would be compensated for their slaves -Would start with 40 000 AA men -March 1865, Confederate Congress -Robert E. Lee surrenders, April 8 -Went on record to support black enlistment -Slaves would be freed if they fought but their families wouldn’t be -Mostly a move out of military necessity -Results -Only lead to the assembling of a few men in Richmond, VA – it fell a few days later  started to get regiments together but they were never formally recruited or fought -Many served unofficially in a number of jobs, not soldiers -Many trace the end of the Civil War to the surrender of Robert E. Lee -There was no armistice or the Confederate army or nation Lincoln’s Assassination -John Wilkes Booth of Maryland -Ford’s Theater, Washington - part of a wider conspiracy to take out main US leaders at once -Conspiracy vs. main US leaders -Ulysses S. Grant; V.P. Andrew Johnson; Sex. Of State William Seward -Only killed Lincoln -Booth killed -Accomplices tried in military court and executed or imprisoned -All were found guilty, 4 hanged The War’s Conclusion th -13 Amendment ratified December 1865  makes slavery illegal throughout the Union -The Union saved! -But how free would African Americans become? -Weren’t immediately free from the consequences from the system of slavery -Struggle to do so was just beginning in December 1865 How Free is Free? -Emancipation is an outcome that grew from the surrender of the Confederacy in 1865 -13 Amendment December 1865 – guaranteed legal freedom -Meaning of freedom? -Partial, full citizenship? -Reconstruction’s goals, 1865-1877 -Land distribution -Financial and legal aid -Other legacies from the past compromised reconstructions 2 main goals -Bringing the Union back together -End of slavery – secure black equality under the law -Not all people
More Less

Related notes for HI330

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.