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Lecture 14

Lecture 14 - April 4.docx

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Wilfrid Laurier University
Dana Weiner

HI330 Lecture April 4, 2013 Music -Was important for scholars in looking in the resilience of slaves -Looked at the journey from the middle passage -Question of whether the right to vote was meaningful or useful to the right for land ownership Former Slaves and Former Masters -Debates -Loyalty, devotion, cooperation? -Some slave masters felt betrayed when their slaves left -Emancipation for former masters? -Slaves’ revenge -Slaves’ fears -Fears about freedom -Some refused to accept freedom for they saw it would lead to a decline in their conditions as they thought their masters wouldn’t care for them etc -Bought into the argument that they had been paternalistically taken care of for years Freedom and Education -Wartime schools -1861: Hampton, VA -1862:northerns, Port Royal Experiment -Missionaries in the Sea Islands -One of biggest examples to do things with slaves in war time -How to make the transition to freedom -If they remained literate after freedom they would still be enslaves -It would limit their freedom if they weren’t literate or education -Funding for schools -Teachers -Many preferred to have AA teachers – taking control of their own destinies -Saw it as their duty to help those of their race -Other uses for schools -Teach a variety of values lesson and home economics -Concern that former slaves were totally clueless when it came to basic housekeeping and life skills  taught thrift, cleanliness, timeliness, -Some saw teachers as condescending -White southern reactions -Enormous amount of effort – vigilance, laws, violent punishments – to keep slaves from learning to read during slavery -Some were sympathetic to AA rights -Some stayed out of the issue -Moderate voices in the south did not win the arguments about rights Syracuse, October 1864 -Black national convention -Vision of politics and their role? -Said they didn’t need to change the back bone of American politics but needed to change who could participate -Thought the government was set up to make changes for these rights but people needed to get out of their way -Earlier: Republicans met Beaufort, SC (Union controlled territory) -Nominated delegates to 1865 Republican convention -Robert Smalls and Prince Rivers – previous slaves and honoured army sailors -Who decided who got power? -As the war ended, Lincoln was looking to reunite the Union -Lincoln gave blacks the vote 3 days before his assassination Key Players in Reconstruction (4) -Former slaveholders and allies -High presidential Reconstruction (1865-67) -In line with President Johnson’s ideas of what rebuilding the nation should look like -New state constitutions -No rights/protections for ex-slaves -Black codes to claim power over free people -if you leave before your contract was up you lose everything -Needed labour - changed the rules of work -Former planters and their allies had an almost limitless capacity to keep things the same – incredibly willing and overwhelmingly and demanded supporting white supremacy -Were united and determined to maintain their rights and the superiority of AA’s -Presence of a population of militant democrats who wanted to treat blacks th like slaves even though the 13 amendment abolished this -Mainline Republicans -Restore southern economy -Keep planters out of power -Give them impartial/false citizenship -Freed people, Abolitionists and Radical Republicans -Push hardest for AA rights -Wanted control over economic status and self-mastery -Wanted to be paid for work -They do push strongly for access and ability to own their own land -Land = compensation and freedom -Economic control ,independence, land -Thaddeus Stevens, Radical Republican -40 acres and a mule -Northern Whites -No land redistribution -Radical prejudice -Black rights? KKK?  once former slaves and their allies are being targeted – northern whites had a limited feeling to help  wasn’t legit to commit federal resources to help with the safety of those -The price of freedom was too high -Enforcing freedom? -Most white Americans did not see meaningful freedom for AA in their interests – wasn’t their problem  why would the government be involved Presidential Reconstruction -Presidential Andrew Johnson and Reconciliation -States’ rights -Lenient plan: states must -Repeal secession, loyalty oath -Ratify 13 amendment -Amnesty for most -By late 1865, states readmitted -By this time South had functioning governments -M
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