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Lecture 2

HE201 Lecture 2 Introducing research methods

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Wilfrid Laurier University
Health Sciences
Margaret Schneider

Lecture 2-Introducing Research Methods sept. 11 uses of research methods  evaluate research reported in the media (most people are very quick to assume what is said is true)  many occupations require the use of research findings and many also conduct their own research intuition and authority  intuition: just having a hunch that something is true o problem is that biases affect our perceptions and may lead to erroneous conclusions o how do we know if they are correct or not? they are not based on facts, so we dont know  authority: how do we know if an authority is correct or not? o should always go into something doubting what we hear and constantly learn for yourself  use intuition and authority as guides and ideas for research  we must always question authority, we should constantly learn and do our own problem solving ghost writing  pharmaceutical company pays a doctor to put their name on a drug and have someone else advocate the drug  we cant even trust what is written in journal articles  people with scientific backgrounds (often PhDs) are paid to stay in the shadows and crank out favourable reports for drug companies  drug companies get doctors to put their names on studies (either for money or clinical trials etc) a medical ghost can make up to 100,000 a year  essentially results to scientific articles being changed into infomercials (credibility is given to journal it is found in and also to the doctors name that is seem on the article)  the new england journal has about 7% of their articles ghost written  about 50% of literature on drugs is ghost written (doctors use this info to base their treatment off of, if article is false then bad things happen)  theres high motivation to do this, they often include pro-industry results which favour that company. research is not intended to expand knowledge but to sell products  also called "checkbook science" the scientific method  essence of this method is that all propositions be subjected to empirical tests  information that we want to look at is taken and then tested  empiricism is practice based on experiment and observation o the doctrine that all knowledge is derived from sensory experience two components for empirical approach  idea must be studied under conditions in which it may be
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