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Lecture

sept 18. week2 - Copy.odt

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Department
Journalism
Course
JN204
Professor
Bruce Gillespie
Semester
Fall

Description
Journalism Law and Ethics September 18 , 2012 Week 2, Tuesday Chapter 3 General historical look at freedom of expression is the cornerstone idea in democracy for journalists. Early nethpapers th Late 18 and early 19 century newspapers were partisan- political mouthpieces for certain parties. The included lots of invective and scathing reports about politicians, magistrates and other public figures. Nothing in common with todays newspapers except for how they look Early newspapers: Reporters and publishers could be sued successfully for writing negative things about public figures, regardless of whether or not they were true. Because it was deemed malicious and that it was in print alone was a bad thing. Modern newspapers in the 20 century newspapers came to see themselves as independent agents with a duty to safeguard and promote public interest. Freedom of the press came to be seen as a cornerstone of a liberal democracy. The press enjoys the same freedom as any member of the public. Press freedom is simply an extension of freedom of speech. Government interference is the biggest potential threat to this freedom. Before the charter: Free speech and freedom of the press were not mentioned in the BNAact or other legislation before the charter. Judges still ruled in favour of the journalists on a regular basis. “Canadian judges have always placed a high value on freedom of expression as an element of parliamentary democracy and have sought to protect it with the limited tools that were at their disposal.” John Stuart Mill On Liberty He describes what the principles of freedom of expression are. Chith arguments are still ones we hear today 19 century journalist. Better known as political economist and philosopher. Published On Liberty in 1859. Key thinker in liberal press theory. What are we being robbed of by not allowing the free discussion of all ideas and opinions? First: the opinion might be true Second: even if the opinion pro
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