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Lecture 7

KP181 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi

Kinesiology & Physical Education
Course Code
Jill Tracey

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Thursday Jan 26, 2016
Lecture 7
‘Clutch’ Performance and Choking
FLOW, peak performance, and performing “in the zone”
Yuri Hanin, Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, Susan Jackson, Ken Ravizza (the zone is overrated,
wanted people to prepare themselves for less than perfect conditions)
clutch’ performance: a well above-standard performance under conditions of
unusually high pressure
Choking as a ‘process’
oWe assume that when someone misses a shot, we jump to the conclusion of
saying that the person “choked”
oVery overused by the media
***when anxiety is interpreted negatively and impairs performance, human
nature dictates that we often revert back to what we know best
Conditions that can lead to choking:
i. Physical changes
ii. Attentional changes
iii. Performance impairment
Choking is a progressive deterioration of performance
Conditions leading to choking Physical/Attentional changes Performance → →
Conditions that lead to choking
oImportant competition
oCritical plays in competition
oEvaluation by coaches, peers, scouts and parents etc.
Physical changes
oIncreased muscle tension
oIncreased breathing rate
oRacing heart rate
Attentional changes
oInternal focus
oReduced flexibility
oNarrow focus
Performance impairment
oTiming and coordination breakdown
oMuscle tightness and fatigue
oInability to attend to task-relevant cues
Peak Experiences in Sport
“playing possessed but in complete control”
Take your optimal performance state and have the peak within that moment
It remains etched in your consciousness
‘Peak and zone’
Role of attention
Characteristics of Peak Performance
Loss of fear- no fear of poor performance
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