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Lecture 8

KP181 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Hans Selye, Drive Theory, Cortisol

Kinesiology & Physical Education
Course Code
Jill Tracey

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Thursday Jan 28, 2016
Lecture 8
What stresses you out?
Sport type
Competition location
Importance of event
The role you play on a team
Coping skills
Beliefs and attitudes
Goals and expectancies
Experience, skill level, age
The Stress Process:
Amygdala: deals with emotions, lies in the temporal lobe in the brain as a part of the
limbic system
oLinked to the fear response, how and when we experience pleasure
oAffects anxiety
Stress response (SR): triggered by amygdala
oRelease of cortisol and adrenaline
oIncrease in breathing rate, heart rate
oSR impact on memory
Stress hormones can bombard our brain, affecting this area (amygdala)
Stage 1
Environmental demand (physical and physiological)
Could be a big, important event (dance comp, playoff game)
Could be important people watching
Stage 2
Individual's perception of demand
view the situation
Stage 3
Stress response influenced by: arousal, state anxiety, muscle tension, attentional
Stage 4
Behavioural consequences
How do we act in stressful situations
General Adaptation Syndrome
Hans Selye: General Adaptation Syndrome
oDeveloped 3 physiological stages of how humans adapt to stress
Stage 1: The Stage of Alarm (alarm reaction)
When the stress is presented and there is that initial “shock”
In the alarm stage, it is the shocking part, but it becomes harder to resist
things like illness
When you are experiencing phases of distress in your life, you become
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