Role of Harm
November 6 , 2012
Week 9, tuesday
The harms in the youth justice system
purpose to show inadequacies in the way the Canadian Justice System deals with young offenders
Discuss minorities in YJS.
1908-1984- Juvenile Delinquent act
YCJA- 2003-present. (youth criminal justice act)
Youth justice system: (YOA)
lacks clear and soherent youth justice philosophy
courts over used for minor cases
Sentencing decision by courts resulted disparities and unfairness in youth sentencing
YOAdoes not ensure effective reintegration
as of april 1, 2003, it replaces YOA
emphasize rehabilitation and re-entry of a young offender into society.
Over 160 amendments
custody reserved for violent and repeated offenders.
key objectives of YCJAis to increase the use of effective and timely non court responses to less serious
Conferences: group of people who get together to talk about the cases and what can be done to help
Can be healing circle.
Adult sentencing for youth
Got rid of transfer hearing to adult court
aduly sentence may only be used for youth after foung guilty in court
more protections throughout the process to ensure the rights are fully guarded
presumptive offences: murder, attempted murder, manslaughter, aggravated sex assault, repeated
serious violent offences (3 or more)