LY210 Lecture Notes - Young Offenders Act

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8 Mar 2013
School
Department
Course
Role of Harm
November 6th, 2012
Week 9, tuesday
The harms in the youth justice system
purpose to show inadequacies in the way the Canadian Justice System deals with young offenders
Discuss minorities in YJS.
1908-1984- Juvenile Delinquent act
1984-2003- YOA
YCJA- 2003-present. (youth criminal justice act)
Youth justice system: (YOA)
lacks clear and soherent youth justice philosophy
Incarceration overused
courts over used for minor cases
Sentencing decision by courts resulted disparities and unfairness in youth sentencing
YOA does not ensure effective reintegration
YCJA
as of april 1, 2003, it replaces YOA
emphasize rehabilitation and re-entry of a young offender into society.
Over 160 amendments
custody reserved for violent and repeated offenders.
Extrajudicial measures
key objectives of YCJA is to increase the use of effective and timely non court responses to less serious
offences.
Meningful consequences
Conferences: group of people who get together to talk about the cases and what can be done to help
young offender.
Informal.
Can be healing circle.
Adult sentencing for youth
Got rid of transfer hearing to adult court
aduly sentence may only be used for youth after foung guilty in court
more protections throughout the process to ensure the rights are fully guarded
presumptive offences: murder, attempted murder, manslaughter, aggravated sex assault, repeated
serious violent offences (3 or more)
safe streets and communities act- oct 23rd 2012
Designed to strengthen the way in which the youth justice system deals with serious violent offences
and repeat offenders.
Responding to youth crime:
Until the YCJA canada focused on custodial sentencing as a response to young offenders
Incarceration methods such as detention centres, boot camps, and scared straight programs were put in
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Document Summary

The harms in the youth justice system purpose to show inadequacies in the way the canadian justice system deals with young offenders. Youth justice system: (yoa) lacks clear and soherent youth justice philosophy. Incarceration overused courts over used for minor cases. Sentencing decision by courts resulted disparities and unfairness in youth sentencing. Ycja as of april 1, 2003, it replaces yoa emphasize rehabilitation and re-entry of a young offender into society. Over 160 amendments custody reserved for violent and repeated offenders. Extrajudicial measures key objectives of ycja is to increase the use of effective and timely non court responses to less serious offences. Conferences: group of people who get together to talk about the cases and what can be done to help young offender. Designed to strengthen the way in which the youth justice system deals with serious violent offences and repeat offenders. Until the ycja canada focused on custodial sentencing as a response to young offenders.

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