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NO101 October 10.docx

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North American Studies
Course Code
Bina Mehta

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NO101 October 10, 2012 Native Peoples in North America th Midterm- October 24th- everything from the beginning of the course to October 18 (no readings or tutorial the week of the midterm) -60 multiple choice questions Indigenous People in Context - Things to keep in mind: Conflict between Europeans and indigenous peoples have traditionally been over control of land and resources. Indigenous groups occupying desirable agricultural lands have been displaced (often forcibly) by European peoples. CBC- War of 1812- Been There, Won That (funny video) Tragic moment for the Natives promised exchange for fighting and they received nothing European people made Natives ,move from better land (Carolinas to Oklahoma) to worse (not resource fertile) Indigenous Peoples Today.... How to comprehend their marginal status within contemporary society? Are we to assume that such communities are relative insular units, with little relationship or integration into the larger, non-indigenous or non-peasant society? Do they engage primarily in farming activities, and only relate to the nation state through a defensive or reactive posture? (i.e. in Mexico) Native peoples were getting Tuberculosis (comes from lack of cleanliness/ poverty/ clean water) on the reserves Statistically issues touch Native communities that dont affect non-Native communities Moving to cities (Western Regina, Winnipeg, Vancouver) Native peoples are moving from reserves Peasants Mexico subsistence farming, farming Mexico Imagining Native Peoples We need to be aware of how we imagine indigenous peoples: do we romanticize their lifestyle as unaffected by and better than modern life; or do we assume that they are inefficient and thus an obstacle to modernization? Peter Rosset, Executive Director of the Institute for Food and Development Policy How do we imagine Native peoples, do we romanticize their lives (ex nature lovers) and how they live that hides our lack of knowledge about their real lives because of lack of contact Integrated with modern Canadian society or separated *also seen as fearless warriors Clash of Cultures? Native cultures are lost See the land we see it as a capitalist opportunity (using the land and owning it) o Natives saw land as land, not owned (past saw) o Mexico still sees this Subsistence economy make only what they need to survive, stocking for winter (still Mexico) o Dont sell the surplus o Opposite of our capitalist idea (we sell surplus) 2 cultures cause conflict o Philosophies of land use (example) o Land claims, treaties, etc Stereotypes of indigenous peoples (do they show cities? NO) o Dancing, traditional dress o Anthropological ideas/ historical o (the idea we are spoon fed) * 200 year regression False representation Not modern truths Whos need does this satisfy *be critical of images of Native peoples represented in the media* ex Olympics 2010 Traditional Societies Subsistence based economies Maintenance of a communal/traditional forms of authority; use of surpluses for communal ritual life Good and services exchanged in traditional markets/reciprocity at the family and community levels Industrial Societies Decline in subsistence-based activities for industrialization Tendency to individualism and privatization of land and income/individually based consumption Individual competition and exchanges based on monetary transactions and low levels of reciprocity Indigenous Peoples and North American Identity What defines the first North American settlers? Their ability to adapt to the New World through the borrowing of indigenous lifeways (food and clothing)? Their rejection of the indigenous nomadic lifeway and its subsequent elimination? Is our North American identity still tied to indigenous culture? (see A Fair Country by John Raulston Saul for critical book review) Coupled with Native women (mistresses *wives in France) to help them adapt to the Native ways (French fur trade) Fur trade times Mayflower; no mixing! Saul we owe more to Natives than we admit- legal, etc ideas are borrowed from Natives Societies First Nations and the Creation of Canada At time of first contact, there were anywhere from 15 to
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