NO101 October 10, 2012
Native Peoples in North America th
Midterm- October 24th- everything from the beginning of the course to October 18 (no readings or tutorial the week
of the midterm)
-60 multiple choice questions
Indigenous People in Context
- Things to keep in mind:
Conflict between Europeans and indigenous peoples have traditionally been over control of land and
Indigenous groups occupying desirable agricultural lands have been displaced (often forcibly) by European
CBC- War of 1812- Been There, Won That (funny video)
Tragic moment for the Natives promised exchange for fighting and they received nothing
European people made Natives ,move from better land (Carolinas to Oklahoma) to worse (not resource
Indigenous Peoples Today....
How to comprehend their marginal status within contemporary society?
Are we to assume that such communities are relative insular units, with little relationship or integration into
the larger, non-indigenous or non-peasant society?
Do they engage primarily in farming activities, and only relate to the nation state through a defensive or
reactive posture? (i.e. in Mexico)
Native peoples were getting Tuberculosis (comes from lack of cleanliness/ poverty/ clean water) on the
Statistically issues touch Native communities that dont affect non-Native communities
Moving to cities (Western Regina, Winnipeg, Vancouver) Native peoples are moving from reserves
Peasants Mexico subsistence farming, farming Mexico
Imagining Native Peoples
We need to be aware of how we imagine indigenous peoples: do we romanticize their lifestyle as unaffected by
and better than modern life; or do we assume that they are inefficient and thus an obstacle to modernization?
Peter Rosset, Executive Director of the Institute for Food and Development Policy
How do we imagine Native peoples, do we romanticize their lives (ex nature lovers) and how they live that
hides our lack of knowledge about their real lives because of lack of contact
Integrated with modern Canadian society or separated *also seen as fearless warriors
Clash of Cultures?
Native cultures are lost
See the land we see it as a capitalist opportunity (using the land and owning it)
o Natives saw land as land, not owned (past saw)
o Mexico still sees this
Subsistence economy make only what they need to survive, stocking for winter (still Mexico)
o Dont sell the surplus
o Opposite of our capitalist idea (we sell surplus)
2 cultures cause conflict
o Philosophies of land use (example)
o Land claims, treaties, etc
Stereotypes of indigenous peoples (do they show cities? NO)
o Dancing, traditional dress
o Anthropological ideas/ historical
o (the idea we are spoon fed) * 200 year regression False representation
Not modern truths
Whos need does this satisfy
*be critical of images of Native peoples represented in the media* ex Olympics 2010
Subsistence based economies
Maintenance of a communal/traditional forms of authority; use of surpluses for communal ritual life
Good and services exchanged in traditional markets/reciprocity at the family and community levels
Decline in subsistence-based activities for industrialization
Tendency to individualism and privatization of land and income/individually based consumption
Individual competition and exchanges based on monetary transactions and low levels of reciprocity
Indigenous Peoples and North American Identity
What defines the first North American settlers?
Their ability to adapt to the New World through the borrowing of indigenous lifeways (food and clothing)?
Their rejection of the indigenous nomadic lifeway and its subsequent elimination?
Is our North American identity still tied to indigenous culture? (see A Fair Country by John Raulston Saul for
critical book review)
Coupled with Native women (mistresses *wives in France) to help them adapt to the Native ways (French fur
Fur trade times
Mayflower; no mixing!
Saul we owe more to Natives than we admit- legal, etc ideas are borrowed from Natives Societies
First Nations and the Creation of Canada
At time of first contact, there were anywhere from 15 to