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Lecture 9

lecture 9.docx

4 Pages
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Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PP111
Professor
Dwayne Moore

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 Religion and Philosophy  Omnipotence: omni (all) + potent (powerful); God is all powerful and can do anything he wants o Problems: Can God make a 4-sided triangle? That is logically impossible.  Paradoxical Problem: Can God create a stone that God cannot lift? If he cannot create the stone, he is not all powerful. If he can create the stone but cannot lift it, he is not all powerful. *Catch-22* Omniscience: omni (all) + science (knowledge); God is all knowing   Omnibenevolent: all loving and all good; a being worthy of admiration and the title of "God" will be a good, loving, moral, perfect being  Creator: God is the creator of this spatiotemporal universe we find ourselves in  Personhood: Since God is omniscient, God has consciousness or awareness; Since God is perfect, hence good, hence moral, hence free, God has free will; God is omnibenevolent, so may have emotions  Predominant God of Western traditions (Judaism, Islam, and Christianity) is an omnipotent, omniscient, omnibenevolent (good, loving) God with personhood that created our universe  Possible Views on God No God God Exists Atheism Agnosticism Fideism Deism Theism  Theism: o There's a God o Since God is omniscient and has personhood, God knows about universe and people in it o Since God is omnibenevolent, God positively intervenes in the universe and human life o Thus, miracles and prayers are possible  Deism: o There's a God o God does not intervene in universe or human life o May be because we reject the personhood of God, or because of some reason to think God doesn't intervene in universe or human life (problem of evil, problem of hiddenness)  Fideism: o There's a God, but can only know this based on faith, not based on reason o This may be because one's faith is beyond reason (Tertullian), or because one thinks the rational arguments against God are persuasive so one believes on faith  Agnosticism: o There may or may not be a God, humans cannot know, so we should remain uncertain  Atheism: o There is no God  Teleological Argument o Teleological (Greek: Telos = purpose/design) o Argument for existence of God o Suggests that universe and/or life has design and this design can be best explained by postulating an intelligent designer (i.e., God)  If the universe/life has design, then the universe/life has a designer  William Paley's Watchmaker Argument:  We observe a complicated mechanism (watch) and assume a human designed it rather than assuming it fell into place  In same way, we observe complicated mechanism in life (the eye) and in universe (fine tuning) and assume it has a designer as well (i.e., God) The universe displays design   Fred Hoyle - Carbon Resonance  Stephen Hawking - rate of expansion at the beginning of the universe  John Barrow and Frank Tipler - change in strength of gravity by one part in 1000  Life displays design
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