Class Notes (836,580)
Canada (509,856)
Philosophy (392)
PP111 (69)
Lecture

Divided Selves - October 19.docx

5 Pages
133 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Philosophy
Course
PP111
Professor
Gary Foster
Semester
Fall

Description
th Divided Selves October 19 , 2012 PP111 – Divided Selves Midterm Instructions: th  October 26 , 2012 @ 2:00-3:50 in Arts Building 1E1  25% of course mark  Key terms on MLS  All M/C and T/F  Midterms covers up to this lesson Personal Identity: Quick Review  Diotima: “Although we call him the same, every bit of him is different, and every day he is becoming a new man, while the old man is ceasing to exist...” (pg. 34)  John Locke: “As far as this consciousness can be extended backwards... so far reaches the identity of that person.” (pg. 39)  Thomas Reid: “My thoughts, and actions, and feelings, change every moment... but that self, or I, to which they belong is permanent... the identity of a person is a perfect identity.” (pg. 43) o “...the thinking being has a continued existence, and we have an invincible belief that it remains the same when all its thoughts and operations change.” (pg. 44) David Hume (1711-1776)  Of personal identity  Our interaction with the world is mediated through our senses  Hume called the contents of consciousness “perceptions”  Perceptions can be divided into two types: o Impressions: these are our immediate sensations, passions, and emotions; the immediate data of seeing, hearing, touching, desiring, loving, hating, etc.  Product of the immediate contact with the world around us  Key to us getting accurate knowledge about the world  Enter our consciousness with more force and violence o Ideas: these are copies or faint images of impressions, such as we have when thinking about or recalling any of our immediate impressions  Used to make sense of the world  Images of our impressions  Occur when thinking, remembering, imagining  The difference between the two is the greater force and liveliness of impressions  From what impression does an idea come?  If there are no impressions to support the idea then it is unsubstantiated [1] th Divided Selves October 19 , 2012 Of the Ideas of the Memory and Imagination  An impression makes its appearance in the mind as an idea  It does this in one of two ways: o As a memory when the impression is fresh and still retains much of its original vivacity o Secondly, when it loses this vivacity and becomes a pure idea created by the imagination  Ideas of memory are more reliable than ideas of the imagination; the imagination is more likely to corrupt the impression  Hume thinks that our imagination plays a big role in deceiving us into thinking that the self is a „simple‟, „unified‟ entity  Our idea of the self is largely an invention brought about by the functioning of the imagination  Discards Reid‟s theories that make assumptions about what we find in our imagination  Soul – constant, immortal, continuous  A common philosophical idea of the self: o “We feel its existence and its continuance in existence; and are certain ....both of its perfect identity and simplicity.” (pg. 49) o “From what impression [experience] could this idea [of the self] be derived?” (pg. 49) o “When i enter most intimately into what I call myself, I always stumble on some particular perception or other... I never can catch myself at anytime...” (pg. 50)  Is there an impression that we can identify with the self?  What we call ourselves is a bundle of perceptions  Memory and imagination that turn these impressions into ideas  Identity of the self is a pigment of our imagination  The self as we think of it does not exist; no perfect identity behind our experience  The self is a bundle of experiences, memories, imagination  There is no “self” o “The mind is a kind of theatre, where several perceptions successively make their appearance... They are the successive perceptions only that constitute the mind.” (pg. 49) o (i) To be observed, the Self must appear on stage. o (ii) To observe, the Self must be in the audience. o (iii) The Self can never (simultaneously) be both observed and the observer. o (iv) So the Self can never observe itself. o (v) Therefore, we cannot know that the self exists from experience.  The Self observes various impressions [2] th Divided Selves October 19 , 2012  When we watch this theatre, we don‟t experience the “me” and we don‟t
More Less

Related notes for PP111

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit