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Fallacies of Relevance.docx

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Hugh Hancock

PP201: Reasoning and Argumentation Fallacies of Relevance Fallacy- any flawed argument that you can identify as having a mistake in it. Fallacies are mistaken forms of reasoning. They are types of poor argumentation. 1. Genetic- involves an attempt to refute a conclusion by discrediting the origin of its source, or genesis. (e.g saying somebody cant do something they have claimed) This tactic if fallacious because the strength or plausibility of a claim does not depend on its proponent’s background. 2. Ad Hominem- to attack the proponent of the argument, rather than the argument itself.  Abusive ad hominem- attacking the personality or character of the proponent  Circumstantial ad hominem- to suggest that the proponent only holds the position in question because of circumstances  (e.g hunting, attack the hunters and claim its not the act of hunting that you are arguing but rather the people) 3. Tu Quoque (you as well)-involves those who point to the irrelevant fact that the proponent of an argument to get herself act on conclusion (E.g second hand smoke tell somebody its bad even though you do it) 4. Division- involves legitimately dividing a characteristic of a whole and applying it equally to each of its parts. (E.g Russia is a vast ungovernable country. We cannot expect, therefore, to have any control over somebody who lives in Russia) 5. Composition- often fallacious to apply a characteristic of the parts, or one part
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