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Lecture

Jan 27 2014.docx

2 Pages
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Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PP224
Professor
Melany Banks

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Jan 27 2014 Ecocentrism and Deep Ecology Ecocentrism ­ The objects of primary moral concern are ecosystems  ­ Against Psychocentrism and Individualism  o Like Biocentrism, it claims there is intrinsic value in nature  o Unlike biocentrism which is individualistic, its holistic  Leopold “The Land Ethic” ­  Aim : to provide an ethical theory that is not only what we ought to do, but  also part of human ethical evolution ­ Odysseus kills his slave women. No longer an ethical act o Talking about killing pigs  ­ Ethics are related to the idea of community Human Moral Evolution ­ Changes: o From hunter­gatherers to herders and farmers o Move into cities  o Population density increases  o Warring tribes (sometimes) join  ­ Result = Change in ethics  What is next ? – Leopold  ­ Ethics first addressed relationship between indiviuals  ­ Then between individuals and society  ­ Next between individuals and the land  ­ Leopold suggests expanding the community to include biota Expand the Community  ­ Individual, family city country, humans, land ­ “.. a land ethic changes the role of Homo sapiens from conqueror of the land­  community to plain member and citizens of it. It implies respect for his  fellow­members, and also respect for the society as such” The Land Pyramid  Large carnivores Omnivores (Humans ect) Birds and rodents Insects Plants Soil  Change through evolution  ­ When there is change, there is an adjustment ­ Evolution is usually slow and local  ­ Elaborates and diversifies biota ­ Three ideas 1. Land is not merely soil  2. Native plants and animals keep the energy circuit open, others may or  may not 3. Man­made changes are of a different order than evolutionary changes,  and have effects more comprehensive th
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