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Lecture

Jan 29 2014.docx

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PP224
Professor
Melany Banks
Semester
Winter

Description
Jan 29 2014 Deep Ecology Leopold ­ In order to take the Land Ethic seriously, we need to see ourselves as simply  members of the biotic community ­ A shift in thinking is required ­ One Solution: Deep ecology  Arne Naess  ­ Norwegian ­ Founder of deep ecology ­ Influenced by Rachel Carson’s “Silent spring” and combined this with  Gandhian non­violence = 1970 activism ­ Proposes Ecosophy T which is a philosophy (seeks wisdom) of how to live  ­ Lived in a hut, chained himself to a waterfall.  Deep vs Shallow Ecology SHALLOW DEEP Fight against pollution and resource  Rejection of man­in­environment image in  depletion favour of relational image Central Goal: Health and affluence of  Biospherical egalitarianism people in developed countries  Diversity and Symbiosis  Fight against pollution … etc Local Autonomy and decentralisation Widen our “Self” ­ How do we widen our “self”? o Our self is that with which we identify  ­ Naess says, “Identification is a spontaneous, non­rational, but not irrational,  process through which the interest or interests of another being are reacted to  as out own interest or interests.” (94) ­ Not limited to those things which can reciprocate. Any animal, plant,  mountain, ocean may include such processes. 
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