PO102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: General Idea, Mahatma Gandhi

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29 Jul 2016
School
Course
Key Concepts in Political Science
Concept: a general idea, usually big idea. Tends to be abstract, involves interpretation…
so can be interpreted in various ways
Key concepts must be defined:
Democracy
Justice
Citizenship
Security
Power
Last class: how to resolve conflict. In Canada there is the government. There are various types of
governments, coach example.
In Canada we have a democratic government: concern for equality, elections, and other
mechanisms to engage citizens.
Governments are not perfect because of one thing: POWER
Aspects of Power:
Coercion
Inducements
Persuasion
Power: achieving an objective by influencing behaviour of others. Getting someone to do
something that I would otherwise not be done. It involves a relationship but it depends on
circumstances; there are not restraints.
How is power exerted? Three faces of power:
1. Control what people do through:
Coercion: A threat. Ex: (snowman), government taxes=jail
Inducements: A reward or a bribe. Ex: if you do buy top hat you will get a bonus
at the end, tax breaks
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