PO102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Petro-Canada, Non-Interventionism, Canadian Identity

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29 Jul 2016
School
Course
The State, Nation, Nationalism, and Globalization
Week 2
The State:
Textbook: A form of political organization
- We know that Canada is a state because it has borders but a state is also a notion.
- They are not these concrete things. They are malleable
Independent and self-governing political community
…whose governing institutions have the ability to make rules
And the rules are binding
Classic definition: The institution that claim the legitimate use of force in enforcing its
order within a given territorial area (Max Weber)
The Emergence of the State
Historical Markers:
The Peace of Westphalia (1648) – non-intervention in internal matters
- The changing of religions at this time and religion itself was very important
- They were not going to go to war to try and change the state. Only for territory or
something like that
The French Revolution 1789- Sovereignty rests with people rather than the monarchy
- From here people allowed the government to make decisions for use.
- Power was given to the people
- At this point states are established
Capitalism and the Industrial Revolution- state become more active
- Infrastructure
- Education: people are literate, and nationalism is taught to people at schools
The Government
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