PO102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: 2005 World Summit, Humanitarian Intervention, Non-Interventionism

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3 Aug 2016
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Humanitarian Intervention
UN Charter outlaws Aggression:
The use of force (or imminent threat to use it) against territory or sovereignty
- Ex: Tanks swarm across the border or about to cross, if having threatened to do so
clearly
Article 2 Section 4:
- Refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the
territorial integrity or political independence
- All members of the UN have signed on to this
When it is allowed:
- When responding to an attack
- Ex: coalition of states that responded to the invasion of Kuwait, using military force
Article 51:
- Inherent right of the individual or collective self-defence MLS
International System based on:
Non-intervention
Sovereignty
And now…Humanitarian Intervention
What we see then:
Competing norms: Sovereignty vs. Human Rights
Why are they conflicting?
Which one takes precedence during a conflict?
Making a case for Humanitarian Intervention MLS
The legal case for intervention rests on two claims:
1. The UN Charter is committed to protecting human rights
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