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Lecture 2

Lecture 2 - The State, Nationalism and Globalization.docx

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Political Science
Yasmine Shamsie

th Tuesday September 17 Lecture 2 - The State, Nationalism and Globalization  The State (textbook) – an independent, self-governing political community whose governing institutions have the ability to make rules that are binding on the population that resides within a given territory (functions because we give these institutions the power)  The State (Weber) – an institution that claims the legitimate use of force in enforcing its order within a given territorial area (Ex. Haitian state considered falling apart because rebels were able to take over small towns and government was unable to establish authority)  Highest authority within the state is itself  Historical Markers: The State – authority was formerly shared by the church and the king o The peace of Wesphalia – war about religion, until peace and decision that anything that happened within a state was the business of the state. Up the ruler to decide the religion and political ideology of the state. Decision that a state was sovereign and had the ability to govern its own people o The French Revolution (1789) – sovereignty rests with people rather than the monarchy, after the King is beheaded o Capitalism and the Industrial Revolution – states become even more important, take on more power to do more things, because basic infrastructure was needed. Nation-states built roads, airports etc. What the difference between the State and the Government?  The State – an independent structure of laws and institutions that rulers (govt.) are entrusted to administer on behalf of the community  The Government - the institutions (parliament for instance) that make the decisions and oversee their implementation on behalf of the state (members of parliament, people who are in charge of the State and exercise authority of the state etc.)  Government is the WHO and the HOW of the State  Difference: the government is relatively transient (people in government change), while the State has a higher degree of permanence (bigger and broader) The State includes:  The federal provincial and municipal governments  The military and police forces  The various government ministries (will always be ministries, though they may change)  State owned corporations th Tuesday September 17  Courts, the Bank of Canada (bank deals with monetary policy) What does the State do?  Law and order/resolve conflicts  Security  Support for economic activity (still building roads, airports etc.)  Physical infrastructure  Soc
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