Lecture 4 – Good Governance
Democracy – a set of ideals about how government should work and what the role of the
citizen is in the political system
o A set of procedures and institutions that guide the operation of government and
the participation of citizens
Democracy gives us a process criteria for how, as a society, we decide things:
o Who should be involved in decision making
o How we make decisions
o What values decision-making should serve more generally
USA is gridlocked due to differing ideals of policy makers
What about other ways of judging a country’s performance?
o Governance (no country has perfect score) – capacity of government to make and
implement policy…in other words to steer society
Governance is also about performance…can the government identify and handle pressing
o How good is it at implementing solutions?
o What does government deliver?
o How does it identify **
Amnesty International criteria:
o Citizen Engagement – absolutely essential because people need to tell government
what’s wrong and how it can be fixed, need to be informed
o Rule of Law – important because we need a stable system, builds trust between
citizens and government (accountability, stability)
o Transparency - want to be able to see how decisions were made and who was
o Procurement – important because governments are big spenders, we need
information about where tax dollars are being spent
Process is key!!
Who is invited to the table to solve the