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Political Influence

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Political Science
Yasmine Shamsie

Political Influence NOV 5 /13 Who do governments listen to? - wealthy people - corporations - religious institutions People trying to influence government - Tokyo: anti-nuclear protest 2013 - U.S: pipeline Interest Groups - Organizations that pursue the common interest of groups of people, particularly by trying to influence the development, adoption and implementation of public policies. Influencing public policy - interest group (benefit of the member) - pressure groups (general issue) - advocacy group (general issue) Number of public interest groups has increased markedly since the 1960’s Self interest groups: - concerned with interests and befits of their members (ex. unions, associations – Canadian medical association) Public interest group (citizens group): - goal is to promote a position on a particular issue - or support a specific cause (ex. pro-choice and pro-life groups would fall under this label) Issue oriented groups vs. Institutionalized groups: Issue oriented - usually spontaneous - expressing a view on particular issue Institutionalized Groups - organized, big - Canadian chamber of commerce, first nations assembly (Institutionalized but self-interest) Hybrid Group: - starts off as issue oriented but develops into a more professional group with permanency (MADD) Free Rider problem - Mancur Olson - An individual that can enjoy the benefits of the successes of an interest gro
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